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Changes in sea level, postglacial uplift, and mobility of the earth's interior

Gutenberg, Beno (1941) Changes in sea level, postglacial uplift, and mobility of the earth's interior. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 52 (5). pp. 721-772. ISSN 0016-7606. doi:10.1130/GSAB-52-721. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140731-160804300

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Abstract

Record of tide gauges indicate that sea level generally is rising at an average rate of about 10 cm per century. The uplift in Fennoscandia and North America is investigated, and maps showing the rate of uplift are given. A discussion of the new material and historic evidence leave no doubt that the uplift is a consequence of isostatic readjustment of the equilibrium disturbed by the postglacial melting of the ice. The remaining uplift is about 200 meters in Fennoscandia and possibly more in North America, where the present rate of uplift has its maximum of about 2 meters per century in the region of Hudson Bay. Originally, the time needed to reduce the defect in mass to one half under the regions of uplift was less than 10,000 years, but it has been increasing with time and now exceeds 20,000 years. Theoretical investigations on the plastic flow in the interior of the earth connected with the uplift are critically discussed and extended. The movements affect the whole interior of the earth below the regions of uplift; their amplitudes decrease slowly in the upper 1000 km. If one assumes a strong lithosphere with a thickness of about 70 km and below the asthenosphere with a viscosity of the order of 10^(22) poises, but little or no strength to prohibit plastic flow, there is no disagreement with observations related to isostasy or deep-focus earthquakes. Tectonic processes connected with isostatic anomalies larger than those in the regions of postglacial uplift must be connected with plastic flow at least down to the core. The importance of the effects of small forces acting during long periods is pointed out.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/GSAB-52-721DOIArticle
http://bulletin.geoscienceworld.org/content/52/5/721.abstractPublisherArticle
Additional Information:© 1941 Geological Society of America. Received 12 November 1940.
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Balch Graduate School of the Geological Sciences306
Issue or Number:5
DOI:10.1130/GSAB-52-721
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140731-160804300
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140731-160804300
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:47747
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:01 Aug 2014 14:53
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 17:50

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