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Seismicity Alert Probabilities at Parkfield, California, Revisited

Michael, Andrew J. and Jones, Lucile M. (1998) Seismicity Alert Probabilities at Parkfield, California, Revisited. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 88 (1). pp. 117-130. ISSN 0037-1106. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140806-073545323

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Abstract

For a decade, the U.S. Geological Survey has used the Parkfield Earthquake Prediction Experiment scenario document to estimate the probability that earthquakes observed on the San Andreas fault near Parkfield will turn out to be foreshocks followed by the expected magnitude 6 mainshocks. During this time, we have learned much about the seismogenic process at Parkfield, about the long-term probability of the Parkfield mainshock, and about the estimation of these types of probabilities. The probabilities for potential foreshocks at Parkfield are reexamined and revised in light of these advances. As part of this process, we have confirmed both the rate of foreshocks before strike-slip earthquakes in the San Andreas physiographic province and the uniform distribution of foreshocks with magnitude proposed by earlier studies. Compared to the earlier assessment, these new estimates of the long-term probability of the Parkfield mainshock are lower, our estimate of the rate of background seismicity is higher, and we find that the assumption that foreshocks at Parkfield occur in a unique way is not statistically significant at the 95% confidence level. While the exact numbers vary depending on the assumptions that are made, the new alert probabilities are lower than previously estimated. Considering the various assumptions and the statistical uncertainties in the input parameters, we also compute a plausible range for the probabilities. The range is large, partly due to the extra knowledge that exists for the Parkfield segment, making us question the usefulness of these numbers.


Item Type:Article
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http://bssa.geoscienceworld.org/content/88/1/117.abstractPublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Jones, Lucile M.0000-0002-2690-3051
Additional Information:© 1998, by the Seismological Society of America. Manuscript received 5 November 1996. This article has benefited from reviews mad comments from Duncan Agnew, Bill Bakun, Bill Ellsworth, Lind Gee, Dave Jackson, Allan Lindh, Paul Reasenberg, Jim Savage, and an anonymous reviewer.
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140806-073545323
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140806-073545323
Official Citation:Andrew J. Michael and Lucile M. Jones Seismicity alert probabilities at Parkfield, California, revisited Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, February 1998, v. 88, p. 117-130
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:48041
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:06 Aug 2014 16:01
Last Modified:24 Feb 2020 10:30

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