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Cavitation Mechanics and its Relation to the Design of Hydraulic Equipment

Knapp, Robert T. (1952) Cavitation Mechanics and its Relation to the Design of Hydraulic Equipment. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, 166 (1). pp. 150-163. doi:10.1243/PIME_PROC_1952_166_020_02.

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The objective of this lecture is to outline the various characteristics of the cavitation phenomenon and to point out in general how this knowledge may be used to alleviate and, in some cases, to eliminate the losses due to damage of materials and decrease in performance of hydraulic equipment. It is shown that difficulty with cavitation is encountered over the entire field of hydrodynamics but that, although the manifestations may appear to differ widely, they can usually be understood on the basis of present concepts of the mechanics of cavitation. It is found that such understanding usually brings with it suggestions of methods for lessening or eliminating the difficulty.

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Additional Information:Copyright © 1952 by Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Received February 21, 1952. James Clayton Lecture. The lecture to be delivered in London on Friday, 18th April 1952, at 5.30 p.m. Most of the experimental programme which has formed the basis of this lecture has been carried out under projects supported by the Department of the Navy of the United States. The two organizations which have been the most intimately concerned are the Bureau of Ordnance and the Mechanics Branch of the Office of Naval Research. Within the Hydrodynamics Laboratory practically every staff member has made substantial contributions to the programme. The author is particularly grateful to Professors A. Hollander and V. A. Vanoni, who have given much help and encouragement during the preparation of the lecture, and to Mr. A. M. Binnie, Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, who is a visitor to the Laboratory this year, and has not only discussed the technical aspects of the cavitation programme, but has also read the manuscript and has given guidance in the substitution of English for American idioms where the latter appeared likely to be misunderstood.
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Department of the NavyUNSPECIFIED
Bureau of OrdnanceUNSPECIFIED
Office of Naval Research Mechanics BranchUNSPECIFIED
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Hydrodynamics Laboratory155
Series Name:Hydrodynamics Laboratory
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140807-161439521
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:48214
Deposited On:08 Aug 2014 16:51
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 18:30

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