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Methods and results of a search for gravitational waves associated with gamma-ray bursts using the GEO 600, LIGO, and Virgo detectors

Aasi, J. and Abbott, B. P. and Abbott, R. and Abernathy, M. R. and Adhikari, Rana X. and Anderson, R. A. and Anderson, S. B. and Arai, K. and Araya, M. C. and Barayoga, J. C. and Barish, B. C. and Billingsley, G. and Black, E. and Blackburn, J. K. and Bork, R. and Brooks, A. F. and Cepeda, C. and Chakraborty, R. and Chalermsongsak, T. and Coyne, D. C. and Dergachev, V. and Drever, R. W. P. and Driggers, J. C. and Ehrens, P. and Etzel, T. and Fotopoulos, N. and Gushwa, K. and Gustafson, E. K. and Hall, E. D. and Harms, J. and Heptonstall, A. W. and Hodge, K. A. and Ivanov, A. and Jacobson, M. and Kalmus, P. and Kanner, J. B. and Kells, W. and King, P. J. and Kondrashov, V. and Korth, W. Z. and Kozak, D. B. and Lewis, J. and Li, T. G. F. and Libbrecht, K. and Mageswaran, M. and Mailand, K. and Maros, E. and Martynov, D. and Marx, J. N. and McIntyre, G. and Meshkov, S. and Osthelder, C. and Patel, P. and Pedraza, M. and Phelps, M. and Price, L. R. and Privitera, S. and Quintero, E. and Raymond, V. and Rollins, J. G. and Sannibale, V. and Shao, Z. and Singer, A. and Singer, L. and Smith, M. R. and Smith, R. J. E. and Smith-Lefebvre, N. D. and Taylor, R. and Thirugnanasambandam, M. P. and Thrane, E. and Torrie, C. I. and Vass, S. and Wallace, L. and Weinstein, A. J. and Williams, R. and Yamamoto, H. and Zhang, L. and Zweizig, J. and Chen, Y. and Cutler, C. and Gossan, S. and Miao, H. and Nissanke, S. and Thorne, K. S. and Vallisneri, M. and Yang, H. (2014) Methods and results of a search for gravitational waves associated with gamma-ray bursts using the GEO 600, LIGO, and Virgo detectors. Physical Review D, 89 (12). Art. No. 122004. ISSN 1550-7998 . http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140808-100111073

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Abstract

In this paper we report on a search for short-duration gravitational wave bursts in the frequency range 64 Hz–1792 Hz associated with gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), using data from GEO 600 and one of the LIGO or Virgo detectors. We introduce the method of a linear search grid to analyze GRB events with large sky localization uncertainties, for example the localizations provided by the Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM). Coherent searches for gravitational waves (GWs) can be computationally intensive when the GRB sky position is not well localized, due to the corrections required for the difference in arrival time between detectors. Using a linear search grid we are able to reduce the computational cost of the analysis by a factor of O(10) for GBM events. Furthermore, we demonstrate that our analysis pipeline can improve upon the sky localization of GRBs detected by the GBM, if a high-frequency GW signal is observed in coincidence. We use the method of the linear grid in a search for GWs associated with 129 GRBs observed satellite-based gamma-ray experiments between 2006 and 2011. The GRBs in our sample had not been previously analyzed for GW counterparts. A fraction of our GRB events are analyzed using data from GEO 600 while the detector was using squeezed-light states to improve its sensitivity; this is the first search for GWs using data from a squeezed-light interferometric observatory. We find no evidence for GW signals, either with any individual GRB in this sample or with the population as a whole. For each GRB we place lower bounds on the distance to the progenitor, under an assumption of a fixed GW emission energy of 10^(−2)M⊙c^2, with a median exclusion distance of 0.8 Mpc for emission at 500 Hz and 0.3 Mpc at 1 kHz. The reduced computational cost associated with a linear search grid will enable rapid searches for GWs associated with Fermi GBM events once the advanced LIGO and Virgo detectors begin operation.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.89.122004DOIArticle
http://journals.aps.org/prd/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevD.89.122004PublisherArticle
http://arxiv.org/abs/1405.1053arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Adhikari, Rana X.0000-0002-5731-5076
Billingsley, G.0000-0002-4141-2744
Kanner, J. B.0000-0001-8115-0577
Korth, W. Z.0000-0003-3527-1348
Kozak, D. B.0000-0003-3118-8950
Weinstein, A. J.0000-0002-0928-6784
Williams, R.0000-0002-9145-8580
Zweizig, J.0000-0002-1521-3397
Vallisneri, M.0000-0002-4162-0033
Additional Information:© 2014 American Physical Society. Received 23 May 2014; Published 25 June 2014. We are indebted to the observers of the electromagnetic events and the Gamma-ray burst Coordinates Network for providing us with valuable data. The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the United States National Science Foundation for the construction and operation of the LIGO Laboratory, the Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom, the Max- Planck-Society, and the State of Niedersachsen/Germany for support of the construction and operation of the GEO 600 detector, and the Italian Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare and the French Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique for the construction and operation of the Virgo detector. The authors also gratefully acknowledge the support of the research by these agencies and by the Australian Research Council, the International Science Linkages program of the Commonwealth of Australia, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research of India, the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare of Italy, the Spanish Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, the Conselleria d’Economia Hisenda i Innovació of the Govern de les Illes Balears, the Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter supported by the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research, the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, the FOCUS Programme of Foundation for Polish Science, the Royal Society, the Scottish Funding Council, the Scottish Universities Physics Alliance, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National Research Foundation of Korea, Industry Canada and the Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Economic Development and Innovation, the National Science and Engineering Research Council Canada, the Carnegie Trust, the Leverhulme Trust, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the Research Corporation, and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. We also gratefully acknowledge the team of graduate students and scientists who maintained the H2 instrument during the Astrowatch epoch, without whom a substantial fraction of our events would not have been analyzed. This paper has been assigned LIGO Document No. LIGO-P1300086.
Group:LIGO, TAPIR
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFUNSPECIFIED
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)UNSPECIFIED
Max Planck SocietyUNSPECIFIED
State of Niedersachsen/GermanyUNSPECIFIED
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN)UNSPECIFIED
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)UNSPECIFIED
Australian Research CouncilUNSPECIFIED
Commonwealth of AustraliaUNSPECIFIED
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (India)UNSPECIFIED
Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (MINECO)UNSPECIFIED
Conselleria d’Economia Hisenda i Innovacio of the Govern de les Illes BalearsUNSPECIFIED
Stichting voor Fundamenteel Onderzoek der Materie (FOM)UNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Science and Higher Education (Poland)UNSPECIFIED
FOCUS Programme of Foundation for Polish ScienceUNSPECIFIED
Royal SocietyUNSPECIFIED
Scottish Funding CouncilUNSPECIFIED
Scottish Universities Physics AllianceUNSPECIFIED
NASAUNSPECIFIED
National Research Foundation of KoreaUNSPECIFIED
Industry CanadaUNSPECIFIED
Natural Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) UNSPECIFIED
Carnegie TrustUNSPECIFIED
Leverhulme TrustUNSPECIFIED
David and Lucile Packard FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Research CorporationUNSPECIFIED
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO)UNSPECIFIED
Ontario Ministry of Research and InnovationUNSPECIFIED
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
LIGO DocumentLIGO-P1300086
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140808-100111073
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140808-100111073
Official Citation:Aasi, J., Abbott, B. P., Abbott, R., Abbott, T., Abernathy, M. R., Acernese, F., . . . Zweizig, J. (2014). Methods and results of a search for gravitational waves associated with gamma-ray bursts using the GEO 600, LIGO, and Virgo detectors. Physical Review D, 89(12), 122004.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:48237
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Joanne McCole
Deposited On:08 Aug 2014 20:00
Last Modified:21 Nov 2017 21:26

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