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Fine structure of an oceanic crustal section near the East Pacific Rise

Helmberger, D. V. and Engen, G. (1978) Fine structure of an oceanic crustal section near the East Pacific Rise. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 68 (2). pp. 369-382. ISSN 0037-1106.

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In this study we model synthetically a complete seismic profile of roughly 20-m.y.-old crust located to the west of the East Pacific Rise, 3.37S, 114.13W. The results indicate a rather strong velocity gradient below the sediments with little evidence of layering in the upper crust and a slightly dipping oceanic layer. The crust-to-mantle transition zone appears sharp providing a relatively good wave guide for multiple Moho reflections which are modeled synthetically to further test the usefulness of a layered earth model in explaining entire seismograms. The mantle head waves decay abruptly near 50 km which can be explained by the onset of a low-velocity zone in the upper mantle at about a depth of 12 km below the ocean surface.

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Additional Information:Copyright © 1978, by the Seismological Society of America. Manuscript received August 22, 1977. We wish to express our thanks to George Shot and Russell Raitt of the Marine Physical Laboratory of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography for providing the data as well as for a number of useful discussions. This work was supported by the Office of Naval Research under Contract N00014-76-C-1070.
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Office of Naval Research (ONR)N00014-76-C-1070
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Caltech Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences2962
Issue or Number:2
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ID Code:48439
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:13 Aug 2014 14:44
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 07:03

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