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Measurement of Intrinsic Dirac Fermion Cooling on the Surface of the Topological Insulator Bi_2Se_3 Using Time-Resolved and Angle-Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy

Wang, Y. H. and Hsieh, D. and Sie, E. J. and Steinberg, H. and Gardner, D. R. and Lee, Y. S. and Jarillo-Herrero, P. and Gedik, N. (2012) Measurement of Intrinsic Dirac Fermion Cooling on the Surface of the Topological Insulator Bi_2Se_3 Using Time-Resolved and Angle-Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy. Physical Review Letters, 109 (12). Art. No. 127401. ISSN 0031-9007. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140813-105943474

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Abstract

We perform time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy of a prototypical topological insulator (TI) Bi_2Se_3 to study the ultrafast dynamics of surface and bulk electrons after photoexcitation. By analyzing the evolution of surface states and bulk band spectra, we obtain their electronic temperature and chemical potential relaxation dynamics separately. These dynamics reveal strong phonon-assisted surface-bulk coupling at high lattice temperature and total suppression of inelastic scattering between the surface and the bulk at low lattice temperature. In this low temperature regime, the unique cooling of Dirac fermions in TI by acoustic phonons is manifested through a power law dependence of the surface temperature decay rate on carrier density.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.127401DOIArticle
http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.127401PublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Hsieh, D.0000-0002-0812-955X
Alternate Title:Measurement of Intrinsic Dirac Fermion Cooling on the Surface of the Topological Insulator Bi2Se3 Using Time-Resolved and Angle-Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy
Additional Information:© 2012 American Physical Society. Received 11 April 2012. Published 20 September 2012. The authors would like to thank Nathan Gabor and Justin Song for useful discussions and JamesMcIver, Alex Frenzel and Fahad Mahmood for careful reading of the manuscript. This research is supported by Department of Energy Office of Basic Energy Sciences Grant Nos. DE-FG02-08ER46521 and DE-SC0006423 (data acquisition and analysis), Army Research Office (ARO-DURIP) Grant No. W911NF-09-1-0170 (ARTOF spectrometer) and in part by the MRSEC Program of the National Science Foundation under Grant number DMR-0819762 (initial feasibility study). P. J-H. acknowledges support from the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Materials Sciences and Engineering, Early Career Award No. DE. SC0006418 and a Packard Fellowship (material growth and characterization).
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-FG02-08ER46521
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-SC0006423
Army Research Office (ARO)W911NF-09-1-0170
NSFDMR-0819762
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-SC0006418
David and Lucile Packard FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:12
Classification Code:PACS numbers: 78.47.J, 72.25.Fe, 73.20.r, 79.60.i
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140813-105943474
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140813-105943474
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:48503
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Joy Painter
Deposited On:13 Aug 2014 19:43
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 07:04

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