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The 23:19 aftershock of the 15 October 1979 Imperial Valley earthquake: More evidence for an asperity

Liu, Hsui-Lin and Helmberger, Donald V. (1985) The 23:19 aftershock of the 15 October 1979 Imperial Valley earthquake: More evidence for an asperity. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 75 (3). pp. 689-708. ISSN 0037-1106. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140813-134554322

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Abstract

The well-recorded strong ground motion data for the 23:19 aftershock of the 15 October 1979 Imperial Valley earthquake provide a good opportunity to study the high-frequency source characteristics and the path effects at near-source distances. The best-fitting point source model has a strike-slip mechanism, N40°W, which is nearly identical to the main event. The estimated stress drop is extremely high, roughly 500 bars, with a triangular time history (0.1, 0.1 sec) but with a moment of 1.0 × 10^(24) dyne-cm. A double-source model found by inversion fits the high-frequency data better but indicates complex faulting: the first source (with strike = N319°E, dip = 42°NE, and slip angle = 165°) has a moment of 0.7 × 10^(24) dyne-cm, the second source (with strike = N324°E, dip = 82°SW, and slip angle = 181°) lies about 0.5 km to the north and has a seismic moment twice that of the first source. Source dimensions appear very small for this amount of energy release. Many of the anomalous behaviors observed at certain stations for the main event are, also, present in the aftershock data. These features are examined in terms of path effects.


Item Type:Article
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http://www.bssaonline.org/content/75/3/689.abstractPublisherArticle
Additional Information:© 1985 Seismological Society of America. Manuscript received 14 May 1984. We thank Steve Hartzell, Ronan Le Bras, and Gladys Engen for reviewing the manuscript and providing some helpful suggestions. We also thank Gerald Brady for providing the raw data used in this study. We acknowledge David Boore for his critical review and thank him for his excellent suggestions. This research was supported by the National Science Foundation, Grant CEE-812719.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFCEE-812719
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Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Caltech Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences4062
Issue or Number:3
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140813-134554322
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140813-134554322
Official Citation:Liu, H.-L., & Helmberger, D. V. (1985). The 23:19 aftershock of the 15 October 1979 Imperial Valley earthquake: More evidence for an asperity. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 75(3), 689-708.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:48520
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Jason Perez
Deposited On:13 Aug 2014 21:26
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 07:04

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