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Paleomagnetism of the Duke Island, Alaska, ultramafic complex revisited

Butler, Robert F. and Gehrels, George E. and Saleeby, Jason B. (2001) Paleomagnetism of the Duke Island, Alaska, ultramafic complex revisited. Journal of Geophysical Research B, 106 (B9). pp. 19259-19269. ISSN 0148-0227. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140825-120538587

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Abstract

The Duke Island ultramafic intrusion was emplaced into the Alexander terrane immediately preceding development of a regional mid-Cretaceous thrust belt. Paleomagnetic samples were collected from exposures of ultramafic rock with cumulate layering northwest of Judd Harbor and northwest of Hall Cove. Thermal demagnetization results were analyzed using principal component analysis to isolate the characteristic remanent magnetization. Site-mean characteristic directions determined from 16 sites fail the fold test at 95% confidence, indicating that cumulate layering attitudes were highly contorted at the time of magnetization, at least on a scale of tens of meters. Variations in cumulate layering attitudes probably resulted from the combined effects of thermal convection phenomena during crystallization and deformation following crystallization but prior to magnetization. Analysis of cumulate layering over larger structural domains indicates that kilometer-scale deformation produced southwest plunging folds within the Hall Cove and Judd Harbor bodies. Bogue et al. [1995] proposed that a compound structural correction involving unplunging of fold axes followed by unfolding of average cumulate layering could restore cumulate layering to horizontal. However, using the full set of 21 site-mean paleomagnetic directions from Duke Island (16 from the current study and 5 from Bogue et al. [1995]), the compound structural correction yields mean paleomagnetic directions from the Judd Harbor and Hall Cove areas that are statistically distinguishable at 99% confidence. This result indicates that even on the kilometer-scale, cumulate layering within the Duke Island ultramafic intrusion was neither coplanar nor horizontal at the time of magnetization. Observations of cumulate layering in other ultramafic intrusive rocks indicate that this layering can significantly depart from horizontal by 10°–20° even on the kilometer scale. Therefore use of cumulate layering of ultramafic rocks as a proxy for paleohorizontal is not justified, and paleomagnetic directions from the Duke Island ultramafic intrusion cannot be used to infer the Cretaceous paleolatitude of the Insular superterrane.


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http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2001JB000531DOIArticle
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2001JB000531/abstractPublisherArticle
Additional Information:© 2001 The American Geophysical Union. Received May 3, 2000; Revised April 20, 2001; Accepted April 21, 2001. Paper number 2001JB000531. Scott Bogue and Sherman Gromme contributed substantially to the structural analyses of the cumulate layering. We had a lively interchange of ideas and information concerning the structural and paleomagnetic analyses of Duke Island with Scott and Sherman. Many aspects of structural and paleomagnetic data analysis presented here were developed through these fruitful interchanges which much improved this paper. We thank Scott and Sherman for their ideas and suggestions throughout this project; however, this does not imply that they agree with our analysis or with our conclusion that paleomagnetic directions cannot be used to infer the Cretaceous paleolatitude of Duke Island. Bill Hart and Orestes Morfin provided valuable technical assistance with paleomagnetic measurements. We thank Weecha Crawford, Bill Crawford, and Rick Matthews for assistance in the field. Helpful reviews of the manuscript were provided by John Stamatakos , an anonymous reviewer, and Associate Editor Carlo Laj. This project was funded by National Science Foundation grant EAR-9526334 administered through the Continental Dynamics Program.
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Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFEAR-9526334
Issue or Number:B9
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140825-120538587
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140825-120538587
Official Citation:Butler, R. F., Gehrels, G. E., & Saleeby, J. B. (2001). Paleomagnetism of the Duke Island, Alaska, ultramafic complex revisited. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 106(B9), 19259-19269. doi: 10.1029/2001jb000531
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:48849
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Joanne McCole
Deposited On:25 Aug 2014 19:32
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 07:08

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