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Isotopic fractionation of methane in the martian atmosphere

Nair, Hair and Summers, Michael E. and Miller, Charles E. and Yung, Yuk L. (2005) Isotopic fractionation of methane in the martian atmosphere. Icarus, 175 (1). pp. 32-35. ISSN 0019-1035. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2004.10.018. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140826-094238444

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Abstract

The existence of methane in the martian atmosphere may be an indicator of subsurface life. Biological processes are known to fractionate the common isotopologues of methane, and hence measuring these isotopic ratios may yield constraints on the nature of the methane source. Any measurement of the isotopic ratios of atmospheric methane must consider the additional fractionation due to photochemistry in order to quantify the isotopic ratios of the source. Using a one-dimensional photochemical model, we find that photochemistry has a small (4.5‰) contribution to δ^(13)C(CH_4) but has a large (114‰) contribution to δD(CH_4). Confirmation of these fractionation values will require additional laboratory data on key model inputs, particularly the ultraviolet absorption cross sections of ^(13)CH_4 and kinetic rate coefficients for the reactions of ^(13)CH_4 and CH_3D with OH and O(^1D) at pressures and temperatures relevant to the martian atmosphere.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2004.10.018DOIArticle
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0019103504003835PublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Miller, Charles E.0000-0002-9380-4838
Yung, Yuk L.0000-0002-4263-2562
Additional Information:© 2004 Elsevier Inc. Received 17 August 2004; revised 26 October 2004. Available online 21 January 2005. We thank M. Gerstell for a critical reading of the manuscript. This work was supported in part by an NSF grant and the NASA Astrobiology Institute at JPL.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFUNSPECIFIED
NASA Astrobiology InstituteUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Exobiology; Marsatmosphere; Photochemistry
Issue or Number:1
DOI:10.1016/j.icarus.2004.10.018
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140826-094238444
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140826-094238444
Official Citation:Hari Nair, Michael E. Summers, Charles E. Miller, Yuk L. Yung, Isotopic fractionation of methane in the martian atmosphere, Icarus, Volume 175, Issue 1, May 2005, Pages 32-35, ISSN 0019-1035, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2004.10.018. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0019103504003835)
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:48897
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:26 Aug 2014 16:52
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 18:37

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