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Isotopic Fractionation of Nitrogen in Ammonia in the Troposphere of Jupiter

Liang, Mao-Chang and Cheng, Bing-Ming and Lu, Hsiao-Chi and Chen, Hong-Kai and Alam, M. S. and Lee, Yuan-Pern and Yung, Yuk L. (2007) Isotopic Fractionation of Nitrogen in Ammonia in the Troposphere of Jupiter. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 657 (2). L117-L120. ISSN 2041-8205. doi:10.1086/513192. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140827-074544196

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Abstract

Laboratory measurements of the photoabsorption cross section of ^(15)NH_3 at wavelengths between 140 and 220 nm are presented for the first time. Incorporating the measured photoabsorption cross sections of ^(15)NH_3 and ^(14)NH_3 into a one-dimensional photochemical diffusive model, we find that at 400 mbar, the photolytic efficiency of ^(15)NH_3 is about 38% greater than that of ^(14)NH_3. In addition, it is known that ammonia can condense in the region between 200 and 700 mbar, and the condensation tends to deplete the abundance ratio of ^(15)NH_3 and ^(14)NH_3. By matching the observed ratio of ^(15)NH_3 and ^(14)NH_3 at 400 mbar, the combined effect of photolysis and microphysics produces the ratio of (2.42 ± 0.34) × 10^(-3) in the deep atmosphere, in excellent agreement with the Galileo spacecraft measurements. The usefulness of the isotopic composition of ammonia as a tracer of chemical and dynamical processes in the troposphere of Jupiter is discussed.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://iopscience.iop.org/1538-4357/657/2/L117/PublisherArticle
http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/513192DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Liang, Mao-Chang0000-0002-5294-9344
Yung, Yuk L.0000-0002-4263-2562
Additional Information:© 2007 American Astronomical Society. Received 2006 November 11; accepted 2007 January 29; published 2007 February 21. We thank Geoff Blake and John Eiler for helpful discussion, and Andy Ackerman, Xin Guo, Run-Lie Shia, and Giovanna Tinetti for assisting the CARMA simulation, and Chris Parkinson for useful comments. Special thanks are due the referee Emmanuel Lellouch for his insightful comments. This work was supported by NASA grant NNG06GF33G to the California Institute of Technology. B.-M. C. was supported by the National Science Council of Taiwan (grant NSC95-2113-M-213-006).
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASANNG06GF33G
National Science Council of TaiwanNSC95-2113-M-213-006
Subject Keywords: atmospheric effects; planetary systems; planets and satellites: individual (Jupiter); radiative transfer
Issue or Number:2
DOI:10.1086/513192
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140827-074544196
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140827-074544196
Official Citation:Isotopic Fractionation of Nitrogen in Ammonia in the Troposphere of Jupiter Mao-Chang Liang et al. 2007 ApJ 657 L117
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:48955
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:27 Aug 2014 16:03
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 18:38

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