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Effects of aerosols on tropospheric photolysis rates in clear and cloudy atmospheres

Liao, Hong and Yung, Yuk L. and Seinfeld, John H. (1999) Effects of aerosols on tropospheric photolysis rates in clear and cloudy atmospheres. Journal of Geophysical Research D, 104 (D19). pp. 23697-23707. ISSN 0148-0227. doi:10.1029/1999JD900409. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140827-111107356

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Abstract

The effect of aerosols on 14 tropospheric photolysis reactions is examined under noncloudy and cloudy sky conditions by using a detailed one-dimensional radiative transfer model. Pure (NH_4)_2SO_4, pure soot, and internal and external mixtures of the two aerosols, as well as mineral dust aerosol, are considered. Nonabsorbing aerosol generally enhances photolysis rates above and in the upper part of the aerosol layer in both noncloudy and cloudy atmospheres, with the enhancement effect reduced in the presence of clouds. In contrast, soot aerosol reduces photolysis rates under both noncloudy and cloudy sky conditions, with the reduction accentuated by a cloud layer. Mixtures of absorbing and nonabsorbing aerosols may produce enhancement or reduction in photolysis rates under clear sky conditions, whereas they generally reduce rates when a cloud is present. In the absence of cloud, sulfate aerosol at urban levels enhances tropospheric average photolysis rates from 11 to 18% for the 14 reactions studied; soot aerosol decreases tropospheric average rates from 6 to 11%. In the presence of a 500-m-thick stratus cloud, sulfate aerosol enhances each of 14 tropospheric average photolysis rates by about 5%; soot aerosol decreases tropospheric average photolysis rates from 9 to 19%.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/1999JD900409/abstractPublisherArticle
http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/1999JD900409DOIArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Yung, Yuk L.0000-0002-4263-2562
Seinfeld, John H.0000-0003-1344-4068
Additional Information:© 1999 by the American Geophysical Union. Received January 19, 1999; revised June 5, 1999; accepted June 8, 1999. Paper number 1999JD900409. This work was supported by National Science Foundation grant ATM-9614105 and NASA grant NAG5-3553.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFATM-9614105
NASANAG5-3553
Issue or Number:D19
DOI:10.1029/1999JD900409
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140827-111107356
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140827-111107356
Official Citation:Liao, H., Y. L. Yung, and J. H. Seinfeld (1999), Effects of aerosols on tropospheric photolysis rates in clear and cloudy atmospheres, J. Geophys. Res., 104(D19), 23697–23707, doi:10.1029/1999JD900409.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:48987
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:27 Aug 2014 19:46
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 18:38

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