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U/Pb, Sm/Nd and Rb/Sr geochronological and isotopic study of Northern Sierra Nevada ophiolitic assemblages, California

Saleeby, J. B. and Shaw, H. F. and Niemeyer, Sidney and Moores, E. M. and Edelman, S. H. (1989) U/Pb, Sm/Nd and Rb/Sr geochronological and isotopic study of Northern Sierra Nevada ophiolitic assemblages, California. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 102 (2). pp. 205-220. ISSN 0010-7999. doi:10.1007/BF00375341.

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Distinct ophiolitic assemblages occur as oceanic basement within three of the four regional tectonic belts of the northern Sierra Nevada. New U/Pb zircon, Sm/Nd and Rb/Sr data are presented for each assemblage, providing critical geochronological and isotopic constraints on the petrogenesis and tectonic evolution of the ophiolitic and associated ensimatic assemblages. Ophiolitic assemblages include from west to east the Smartville complex, Central belt and Feather River belt. The Smartville complex represents an island arc volcanic-plutonic sequence with a major late-stage sheeted dike swarm. The Sm/Nd systems from a wide compositional spectrum of rocks record a 178±21 Ma petrogenetic age and an ɛ_(Nd)(T)=+9.2±0.6. Zircon U/Pb systems on an uppermost dacite yield a 164±2 Ma age, and on a number of plagiogranite screens and dikes from the sheeted complex 162±1 Ma ages. The Central and Feather River belts are structurally complex polygenetic assemblages. The U/Pb zircon and Sm/Nd systems record major ∼205 Ma and ∼315 Ma petrogenetic events respectively both involving depleted mantle derived magmas. Such magmatism probably occurred in marginal basin/transform systems developed within an older oceanic depleted mantle basement regime. Both Sm/Nd and U/Pb zircon systems show local components of Proterozoic sialic material. The sialic contaminants were probably introduced into the system as craton derived detritus. It is doubtful that any of the ophiolitic assemblages studied represent genetically related crust-upper mantle sequences generated during the development of new oceanic lithosphere. Integration of the geochronological data with geological relations reveals a pattern of petrogenesis and tectonics whereby progressively younger ensimatic terranes were added to the continental margin through time by plate convergence, and were ultimately welded into North American sial by a crosscutting batholithic belt. This accretionary pattern is reflected in both the protolith ages and deformation-metamorphic ages of each of the regional belts which progressively young westward. Crustal components of the accreted ensimatic terranes grew by mainly basaltic igneous activity within island arc, marginal basin and leaky transform systems adjacent to the continent edge prior to final tectonic accretion. Such complexities are suggested to be typical of Cordilleran-type ophiolites and representative of the circum-Pacific erogenic style.

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Additional Information:© 1989 Springer-Verlag. Received January 29, 1988; Accepted February 6, 1989 Editorial responsibility: J. Patchett. Support for field and geochronological studies in southwest Cordilleran ophiolites provided by NSF grants EAR-7925998, EAR-8206382 and EAR-8407788 and by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation is gratefully acknowledged by Saleeby. Moores and Edelman acknowledge support by NSF grants EAR-7803460 and EAR-8019697 for geological studies in the Smartville complex and central and Feather River belts. Patience and expertise in handsorting of zircon by Cherilyn Saleeby is acknowledged. Special thanks to J.K. Bohlke and L.A. Standlee, and C.W. Weisenberg for providing part of our sample suite for the Feather River belt. Caltech Division of Geological and Planetary Science Contribution number 4340.
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Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
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Caltech Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences4340
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Official Citation:Saleeby, J. B., Shaw, H. F., Niemeyer, S., Moores, E. M., & Edelman, S. H. (1989). U/Pb, Sm/Nd and Rb/Sr geochronological and isotopic study of northern Sierra Nevada ophiolitic assemblages, California. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 102(2), 205-220. doi: 10.1007/bf00375341
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:49002
Deposited On:27 Aug 2014 22:49
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 18:38

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