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Bayesian inversion for finite fault earthquake source models – II: the 2011 great Tohoku-oki, Japan earthquake

Minson, S. E. and Simons, M. and Beck, J. L. and Ortega, F. and Jiang, J. and Owen, S. E. and Moore, A. W. and Inbal, A. and Sladen, A. (2014) Bayesian inversion for finite fault earthquake source models – II: the 2011 great Tohoku-oki, Japan earthquake. Geophysical Journal International, 198 (2). pp. 922-940. ISSN 0956-540X. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140829-082701451

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Abstract

We present a fully Bayesian inversion of kinematic rupture parameters for the 2011 M_w 9 Tohoku-oki, Japan earthquake. Albeit computationally expensive, this approach to kinematic source modelling has the advantage of producing an ensemble of slip models that are consistent with physical a priori constraints, realistic data uncertainties, and realistic but simplistic uncertainties in the physics of the kinematic forward model, all without being biased by non-physical regularization constraints. Combining 1 Hz kinematic GPS, static GPS offsets, seafloor geodesy and near-field and far-field tsunami data into a massively parallel Monte Carlo simulation, we construct an ensemble of samples of the posterior probability density function describing the evolution of fault rupture. We find that most of the slip is concentrated in a depth range of 10–20 km from the trench, and that slip decreases towards the trench with significant displacements at the toe of wedge occurring in just a small region. Estimates of static stress drop and rupture velocity are ambiguous. Due to the spatial compactness of the fault rupture, the duration of the entire rupture was less than approximately 150 s.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gji/ggu170DOIArticle
http://gji.oxfordjournals.org/content/198/2/922PublisherArticle
http://gji.oxfordjournals.org/content/198/2/922/suppl/DC1PublisherSupporting Information
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Simons, M.0000-0003-1412-6395
Jiang, J.0000-0002-8796-5846
Inbal, A.0000-0001-8848-7279
Additional Information:© 2014 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Royal Astronomical Society. Accepted 2014 May 7. Received 2014 May 6; in original form 2013 July 15. The CATMIP MCMC simulations were executed on NASA’s Pleiades supercomputer. This work is supported by the National Science Foundation through grant number EAR-0941374 and is Caltech Seismological Laboratory contribution 10087.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFEAR-0941374
Subject Keywords:Inverse theory; Probability distributions; Earthquake source observations; Computational seismology
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Caltech Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences10087
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140829-082701451
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140829-082701451
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:49041
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:29 Aug 2014 20:44
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 07:10

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