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High Energy Ionic Charge State Composition in the October/November 2003 and January 20,2005 SEP Events

Labrador, A. W. and Leske, R. A. and Mewaldt, R. A. and Stone, E. C. and von Rosenvinge, T. T. (2005) High Energy Ionic Charge State Composition in the October/November 2003 and January 20,2005 SEP Events. In: Proceedings of the 29th International Cosmic Ray Conference. Vol.1. Tata Institute of Fundamental Research , Mumbai, India, pp. 99-102.

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The ionic charge states of solar energetic particles (SEPs) probe source-material temperatures and acceleration and transport conditions. The MAST instrument on SAMPEX measures SEP ionic charge states at energies greater than ~15 MeV/nuc and at iron energies up to ~90 MeV/nuc using the geomagnetic filter technique. Charge state measurements for large gradual SEP events by MAST and by other experiments suggest that event-to-event variations in the mean charge states of abundant elements are correlated with abundance ratios (e.g. Fe/O). We present charge state measurements for the October/November 2003 events that suggest different source material temperatures for these events. We also present charge state measurements for the January 20, 2005 event, which contrasts with the previously demonstrated Q(Fe) vs. Fe/O correlation. In this event solar and SEP data indicate that the first high-energy particles left the Sun when the CME shock was ~ 1.5 solar radii above the solar surface. At this altitude charge-equilibration calculations and the observed mean charge state of +12 for Fe imply that <90 seconds were available to accelerate and release the particles. These observations therefore present a serious challenge to SEP acceleration models.

Item Type:Book Section
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Labrador, A. W.0000-0001-9178-5349
Leske, R. A.0000-0002-0156-2414
Mewaldt, R. A.0000-0003-2178-9111
Stone, E. C.0000-0002-2010-5462
Additional Information:© 2005 Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. We thank Joe Mazur of Aerospace Corp. for making SAMPEX data available for the 20 Jan. 2005 event. This work was supported in part by NASA grant NASG5-8877.
Group:Space Radiation Laboratory
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Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140902-093235213
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:49093
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:03 Sep 2014 14:27
Last Modified:20 Feb 2020 14:33

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