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Direct Experimental Impulse Measurements for Detonations and Deflagrations

Cooper, M. and Jackson, S. and Austin, J. and Wintenberger, E. and Shepherd, J. E. (2002) Direct Experimental Impulse Measurements for Detonations and Deflagrations. Journal of Propulsion and Power, 18 (5). pp. 1033-1041. ISSN 0748-4658. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140908-125220269

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Abstract

Direct impulse measurements were carried out by using a ballistic pendulum arrangement for detonations and deflagrations in a tube closed at one end. Three tubes of different lengths and inner diameters were tested with stoichiometric propane– and ethylene–oxygen–nitrogen mixtures. Results were obtained as a function of initial pressure and percent diluent. The experimental results were compared to predictions from an analytical model and generally agreed to within 15% (Wintenberger, E., Austin, J., Cooper, M., Jackson, S., and Shepherd, J. E., “Analytical Model for the Impulse of a Single-Cycle Pulse Detonation Engine, AIAA Paper 2001–3811, July 2001). The effect of internal obstacles on the transition from deflagration to detonation was studied. Three different extensions were tested to investigate the effect of exit conditions on the ballistic impulse for stoichiometric ethylene–oxygen–nitrogen mixtures as a function of initial pressure and percent diluent.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/2.6052DOIArticle
http://arc.aiaa.org/doi/abs/10.2514/2.6052PublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Shepherd, J. E.0000-0003-3181-9310
Additional Information:©2002 AIAA. Received 14 September 2001; revision received 14 June 2002; accepted for publication17 June 2002. This work was supported by the Office of Naval Research (ONR) Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative, Multidisciplinary Study of Pulse Detonation Engine (Grant 00014-99-1-0744, Subcontract 1686-ONR-0744), and General Electric Contract GE-PO A02 81655 under DABT-63-0-0001.
Group:GALCIT
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Office of Naval Research (ONR)00014-99-1-0744, Subcontract 1686-ONR-0744
General ElectricGE-PO A02 81655
UNSPECIFIEDDABT-63-0-0001
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140908-125220269
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140908-125220269
Official Citation:M. Cooper, S. Jackson, J. Austin, E. Wintenberger, and J. E. Shepherd. "Direct Experimental Impulse Measurements for Detonations and Deflagrations", Journal of Propulsion and Power, Vol. 18, No. 5 (2002), pp. 1033-1041. doi: 10.2514/2.6052
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:49347
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:08 Sep 2014 20:25
Last Modified:22 Sep 2016 23:26

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