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Magnetic stratigraphy and a test for block rotation of sedimentary rocks within the San Andreas fault zone, Mecca Hills, southeastern California

Chang, Shih-Bin R. and Allen, Clarence R. and Kirschvink, Joseph L. (1987) Magnetic stratigraphy and a test for block rotation of sedimentary rocks within the San Andreas fault zone, Mecca Hills, southeastern California. Quaternary Research, 27 (1). pp. 30-40. ISSN 0033-5894. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140910-094109056

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Abstract

A 500-m section of the Palm Spring Formation in the southern Mecca Hills, located within the San Andreas fault zone in southeastern California, has been paleomagnetically sampled to determine possible tectonic rotation in this area and to establish time-stratigraphic control. This work was partly stimulated by the fact that 80 km farther south, previous studies demonstrated 35° of postdepositional rotation in the Palm Spring Formation of the Vallecito-Fish Creek basin east of the Elsinore fault. Several lines of evidence suggest that hematite is the main magnetic carrier of the Mecca Hills samples. Large anhedral hematite grains observed in magnetic extracts and a positive fold test imply a detrital origin of the remanence. The polarity reversal patterns, together with earlier vertebrate paleontologic studies, restrict the time span for deposition of this unit to the middle-late Matuyama chron (2.0–0.75 myr ago), thus of uppermost Pliocene and early Pleistocene age. Characteristic directions of best least-squares fit for 73 samples suggest little or no overall rotation, despite the severe late Quaternary tectonic activity demonstrated by the intense deformation of these strata.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0033-5894(87)90047-0 DOIArticle
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0033589487900470PublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Kirschvink, Joseph L.0000-0001-9486-6689
Additional Information:© 1987 Elsevier. Received March 25, 1986. We thank R. Weldon, R. Ripperdan, J. Nourse, and M. Bursik for their field assistance and helpful discussions. A. G. Sylvester and J. C. Crowell offered constructive criticism of the manuscript. This work was supported in part by NSF Grant EAR83-51370, Contribution No. 4276, Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFEAR83-51370
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Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Caltech Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences4276
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140910-094109056
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140910-094109056
Official Citation:Shih-Bin R. Chang, Clarence R. Allen, Joseph L. Kirschvink, Magnetic stratigraphy and a test for block rotation of sedimentary rocks within the San Andreas fault zone, Mecca Hills, southeastern California, Quaternary Research, Volume 27, Issue 1, January 1987, Pages 30-40, ISSN 0033-5894, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0033-5894(87)90047-0. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0033589487900470)
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:49527
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:10 Sep 2014 16:50
Last Modified:03 Mar 2020 13:01

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