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Structure of the earth's crust and the spreading of the continents

Gutenberg, Beno (1936) Structure of the earth's crust and the spreading of the continents. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 47 (10). pp. 1587-1610. ISSN 0016-7606. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140912-103920353

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Abstract

According to the Wegener hypothesis, the continents originally formed a single block. This broke into sections in the Carboniferous, and, during the geologic periods that followed, the continents drifted apart. Wegener, as many others had done before him, originally conceived the idea that the similarity in the coast lines of Europe-Africa and America indicated connection previous to the Carboniferous. It is to his credit, however, that he investigated in detail all the possible consequences of this hypothesis. He considered especially the present-day relative movements of parts of the earth’s crust, and he started investigations of the movement of Greenland relative to Europe. He emphasized the importance of determining and explaining the changes in the land-bridge connections between the continents, which occurred from time to time, because of their bearing on the problem of continental origin and history. Similarities in the structure of certain regions, now far apart, especially those involving mountain ranges, he endeavored to explain on the assumption that they were formerly parts of the same structural unit. Evidences that localities now widely separated in latitude once had similar climates were readily explained by his theory.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/GSAB-47-1587DOIArticle
http://gsabulletin.gsapubs.org/content/47/10/1587PublisherArticle
http://bulletin.geoscienceworld.org/content/47/10/1587PublisherArticle
Additional Information:© 1936 Geological Society of America. Received 7 July 1936.
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Balch Graduate School of the Geological Sciences203
Issue or Number:10
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140912-103920353
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140912-103920353
Official Citation:BENO GUTENBERG Structure of the earth’s crust and the spreading of the continents Geological Society of America Bulletin, October 1936, v. 47, p. 1587-1610, doi:10.1130/GSAB-47-1587
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:49659
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:12 Sep 2014 23:48
Last Modified:22 Feb 2020 00:23

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