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Sludge disposal in Southern California basins

Jackson, George A. (1982) Sludge disposal in Southern California basins. Environmental Science and Technology, 16 (11). pp. 746-757. ISSN 0013-936X. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140916-102416119

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Abstract

Disposal of digested sewage sludge in coastal marine waters off Southern California is technically feasible, although it is not permissible under present policies of the state and federal governments. A one-dimensional model of physical and chemical processes in the San Pedro-Santa Monica Basin was developed to project environmental responses to different disposal strategies. The model suggests that deep disposal (800 m) would have crucial impacts on oxygen concentrations but shallower disposal (400 m) would not. Trace metal and sulfide buildup should not be significant problems. Organic particle buildup poses unknown problems for deep-living fauna.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es00105a005DOIArticle
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es00105a005PublisherArticle
Additional Information:© 1982 American Chemical Society. Received for review October 9, 1981; Revised manuscript received July 13, 1982; Accepted July 19, 1982. This paper reports on part of the ongoing research by Caltech 's Environmental Quality Laboratory on alternative practices for disposal of digested sewage sludge in the ocean. Support has been provided by the Ford Foundation (Grant No. 740-0469), the Rockefeller Foundation (Grant No. CA NES 7706), and a consortium of the County Sanitation Districts of Los Angeles County, the City of Los Angeles, and the County Sanitation Districts of Orange County since August 1977. I thank J. J . Morgan, R. C. Y. Koh, and N. H. Brooks for helpful discussions and D. Kent and T. Fall for their assistance.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Ford Foundation740-0469
Rockefeller FoundationCA NES 7706
Los Angeles County Sanitation DistrictUNSPECIFIED
City of Los AngelesUNSPECIFIED
Orange County Sanitation DistrictUNSPECIFIED
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Environmental Quality LaboratoryA-99
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140916-102416119
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140916-102416119
Official Citation:Jackson, G. A. (1982). Sludge disposal in Southern California basins. Environmental Science & Technology, 16(11), 746-757. doi: 10.1021/es00105a005
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:49738
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Joanne McCole
Deposited On:16 Sep 2014 18:01
Last Modified:16 Sep 2014 18:01

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