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Convective Downmixing of Plumes in a Coastal Environment

McRae, Gregory J. and Shair, Frederick H. and Seinfeld, John H. (1981) Convective Downmixing of Plumes in a Coastal Environment. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 20 (11). pp. 1312-1324. ISSN 0021-8952. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140917-091018499

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Abstract

This paper describes the results of an atmospheric tracer study in which sulfur hexafluoride (SF_6) was used to investigate the transport and dispersion of effluent from a power plant located in a coastal environment. The field study demonstrated that material emitted into an elevated stable layer at night can be transported out over the ocean, fumigated to the surface, and then he returned at ground level by the sea breeze on the next day. At night when cool stable air from the land encounters the warmer ocean convective mixing erodes the stable layer forming an internal boundary layer. When the growing boundary layer encounters an elevated plume the pollutant material, entrained at the top of the mixed layer, can be rapidly transported in ∼20 min to the surface. Various expressions for the characteristic downmixing time (λ = Z_i/w_*) are developed utilizing the gradient Richardson number, the Monin-Obukhov length and turbulence intensifies. Calculations using these expressions and the field data are compared with similar studies of convective mixing over the land.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/1520-0450(1981)020<1312:CDOPIA>2.0.CO;2DOIArticle
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/1520-0450%281981%29020%3C1312%3ACDOPIA%3E2.0.CO%3B2PublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Seinfeld, John H.0000-0003-1344-4068
Additional Information:© 1982 American Meteorological Society. Manuscript received 30 April 1981, in final form 2 August 1981. This work was supported by the California Air Resources Board under contracts A5-187-30, A5-046-87 and A7-187-30. The assistance of Gordon Schacher of the Naval Postgraduate School, who supplied descriptions of data reduction procedures and measurement equipment, and Charles Bennett of the California Air Resources Board is appreciated.
Group:Environmental Quality Laboratory
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
California Air Resources BoardA5-187-30
California Air Resources BoardA5-046-87
California Air Resources BoardA7-187-30
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Environmental Quality LaboratoryA-67
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140917-091018499
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140917-091018499
Official Citation:Gregory J. McRae, Fredrick H. Shair, and John H. Seinfeld, 1981: Convective downmixing of plumes in a coastal environment. J. Appl. Meteor., 20, 1312–1324. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/1520-0450(1981)020<1312:CDOPIA>2.0.CO;2
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:49769
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:18 Sep 2014 03:10
Last Modified:26 Sep 2017 21:24

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