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Using convective flow splitting for the direct printing of fine copper lines

Cuk, Tanja and Troian, Sandra M. and Hong, Cheong Min and Wagner, Sigurd (2000) Using convective flow splitting for the direct printing of fine copper lines. Applied Physics Letters, 77 (13). pp. 2063-2065. ISSN 0003-6951. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:CUKapl00

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Abstract

Liquid ribbons of solutions of copper hexanoate in a volatile solvent were drawn on a glass slide using either fine glass capillaries or an ink jet printer. After solvent evaporation, the solute was observed to segregate into multiple pairs of stripes much narrower than the initial ribbon diameter. These stripes were then converted to pure copper by annealing. Surface profiles indicate that the thickness, width, and number of lines formed are strongly dependent on the solution viscosity and volume per unit length deposited. From flow visualization studies and surface profiling, we have found that evaporative cooling produces Bénard–Marangoni convection patterns which accrete the solute along two key boundaries of the flow, namely the three phase contact line and the outer edge of a stagnant region about the ribbon apex. These findings suggest that optimization of the deposition and evaporation process can be used to "write" fine metallic lines from a wider liquid precursor.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:©2000 American Institute of Physics. (Received 4 January 2000; accepted 2 August 2000) Financial support from the DARPA-ETO Molecular Level Printing program (S.M.T. and S.W.) and a National Science Foundation CAREER award (S.M.T.) are gratefully acknowledged. Alex Furman assisted in the ink-jet experiments.
Group:GALCIT
Subject Keywords:metallisation; copper; metallic thin films; liquid phase deposited coatings
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:CUKapl00
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:CUKapl00
Alternative URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1311954
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:4980
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:18 Sep 2006
Last Modified:19 Sep 2016 17:48

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