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Continuation of a deep borehole stress measurement profile near the San Andreas Fault: 2. Hydraulic fracturing stress measurements at Black Butte, Mojave Desert, California

Stock, J. M. and Healy, J. H. (1988) Continuation of a deep borehole stress measurement profile near the San Andreas Fault: 2. Hydraulic fracturing stress measurements at Black Butte, Mojave Desert, California. Journal of Geophysical Research B, 93 (B12). pp. 15196-15206. ISSN 0148-0227. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140919-130409131

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Abstract

Hydraulic fracturing stress measurements were obtained in the Black Butte drill hole, 18 km northeast of the San Andreas fault in the Mojave Desert, at depths from 251 to 635 m. In all tests the least and greatest horizontal principal stresses (S_h and S_H, respectively) exceeded the vertical stress (S_ν), indicating a thrust faulting stress regime. A single good-quality hydraulic fracture impression from 309 m depth indicates an S_H direction of N41°E ± 10°. This S_H direction should be interpreted with caution because it is based on only one observation. This orientation is fairly compatible with nearby surface stress measurements but is incompatible with most of the hydraulic fracturing stress orientations reported from comparable depths in the Mojave Desert and is not favorable for right-lateral slip on either the San Andreas fault or NW striking faults present farther to the east. The stress regime measured in the Black Butte hole is comparable to that measured at nearby shallow depths but differs from the strike-slip or transitional (strike-slip to thrust faulting) stress regime present at similar depths in two nearby holes: Crystallaire, 4 km northeast of fhe San Andreas fault, and Hi Vista, 32 km northeast of the San Andreas fault. The S_H direction measured in these holes is approximately 60° counterclockwise of that observed in the Black Butte hole. The differences in stress magnitudes and orientation among these holes substantiate previous indications of local variations in stress in the upper kilometer of the crust in this area and cast doubt on the validity of linear elastic models in which the effects of the San Andreas fault dominate the stress field in the western Mojave Desert.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/JB093iB12p15196DOIArticle
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/JB093iB12p15196/abstractPublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Stock, J. M.0000-0003-4816-7865
Additional Information:© 1988 American Geophysical Union. Received January 21, 1987; revised July 28, 1988; accepted December 16, 1987. Mark Ader, Kirk Behrendt, David Castillo, Tom Denham, Rob Harris, Jacky Hennegan, Stephen Hickman, Jim Huckaby, Laura Jones, Rick Ludlum, Brennan O'Neill, Jim Springer, Dennis Styles, and Joe Svitek assisted with various aspects of the three field operations. Special thanks go to Mark Zoback and Don Stierman for their participation in this experiment. Bill Brace, Terry Engelder, J. Brian Evans, Stephen Hickman, Art McGarr, Ross Stein, Don Stierman, and an anonymous JGR reviewer provided thorough and helpful reviews. Research performed while the first author was a graduate student at MIT was supported by a fellowship from the Fannie and John Hertz Foundation.
Group:Seismological Laboratory
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Fannie and John Hertz FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140919-130409131
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140919-130409131
Official Citation:Stock, J. M., and J. H. Healy (1988), Continuation of a deep borehole stress measurement profile near the San Andreas Fault: 2. Hydraulic fracturing stress measurements at Black Butte, Mojave Desert, California, J. Geophys. Res., 93(B12), 15196–15206, doi:10.1029/JB093iB12p15196
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:49861
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:19 Sep 2014 20:14
Last Modified:04 Dec 2015 20:40

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