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Relationship between seismicity and geologic structure in western Japan

Allen, Clarence R. and Matsuda, Tokihiko and Okada, Atsumasa (1970) Relationship between seismicity and geologic structure in western Japan. Earthquake Notes, 41 (4). p. 14. ISSN 0012-8287. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140922-153115260

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Abstract

Most large on-shore shallow earthquakes in western Japan have been associated with faults having a previous history of Quaternary displacements. However, the number of such Quaternary faults is very great and their average length is short, so that identification of the most active and dangerous faults is more difficult than in areas such as California or New Zealand that are dominated by obvious master faults. Physiographic features of Quaternary faulting are far more abundant in western Japan than has usually been thought by geologists. Difficulty in recognition has been caused by heavy vegetation, a long history of agricultural modifications, recent volcanism, and numerous massive landslides. The most active-appearing faults trend either northwest or northeast, with predominantly strike-slip displacements of late Quaternary age reflecting east-west compression with remarkable uniformity. The overall pattern is a mosaic-like structure of individual crustal blocks; only the Median Tectonic Line and the Fossa Magna -- both rejuvinated features with earlier histories of vertical displacement -- have demonstrated lengths of active strike-slip faulting exceeding 100 km. Rates of displacement on individual faults, based on C_(14) ages of displaced terraces, are generally an order of magnitude less than that of the San Andreas fault, although the cumulative total may be greater. Some of the highest rates are on faults without large documented historic earthquakes, such as along the Median Tectonic Line in Shikoku. No creep has as yet been observed on major active faults.


Item Type:Article
Additional Information:© 1970 Seismological Society of America.
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140922-153115260
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140922-153115260
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:49913
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:22 Sep 2014 22:49
Last Modified:22 Sep 2014 22:49

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