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Geophysical framework of northern end of Gulf of California structural province

Biehler, Shawn and Kovach, Robert L. and Allen, Clarence R. (1964) Geophysical framework of northern end of Gulf of California structural province. In: Marine geology of the Gulf of California: a symposium. Memoir (American Association of Petroleum Geologists). No.3. American Association of Petroleum Geologists , Tulsa, OK, pp. 126-143. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140923-093145767

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Abstract

More than 3,000 gravity observations in the Northern Gulf province, including an underwater gravity survey of the Salton Sea, show the over-all trend of isogal contours to be northwest, parallel to the tectonic pattern dominated by the San Andreas fault system. Contours northeast of the trough trend east, probably reflecting Transverse Range structures in this area. A prominent and linear gradient of 5 mgal/km marks the Banning-Mission Creek fault in the Coachella Valley but dies out southeastward at about the same point the surface trace disappears. The San Jacinto fault zone is characterized by a series of maxima and minima that tend to confirm continuity of this fault zone to the Gulf of California. A 15-20 mgal maximum over the Obsidian Buttes suggests a large anomalous mass at depth, or may be related to contemporaneous metamorphism of the Tertiary sedimentary section that has recently been observed in nearby steam wells. The regional gravity gradient indicates a crustal thickening northwest from the Gulf of California; inferred crustal thicknesses are 32 km at the International Border and 40 km at San Gorgonio Pass. Ten seismic refraction profiles in the Imperial and Coachella Valleys indicate several throughgoing velocity zones, but we are unable to correlate these with known stratigraphic units. The maximum thickness of sediments in the trough appears to be about 6.4 km (21,000 ft) just south of the International Border, with basement becoming shallower both to the north and south. The Salton trough has many geophysical and structural similarities to the Dead Sea rift, but the markedly en echelon pattern of major faults in the Salton trough and Gulf of California appears unique. A particular problem is presented by their orientation, which would suggest left-lateral displacement across the zone rather than the right-lateral displacement that is known to characterize at least the northern end of the province.


Item Type:Book Section
Additional Information:© 1964 American Association of Petroleum Geologists. Manuscript received, June 25, 1963. The gravity measurements in Mexico were made in collaboration with the Instituto de Geofísica, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, through the participation of Ing. Julio Monges C. We are indebted to Dr. Lucien LaCoste of LaCoste and Romberg for supplying the underwater gravimeter, and to Aerial Control, Inc., and Pacific Air Industries for the use of their Tellurometers. Dr. Frank Press helped supervise most of the work reported herein, and Dr. Charles Helsley was particularly helpful in the field program. Others who assisted us in the field include S. Alexander, D. Harkrider, J. Healy, A. Ibrahim, R. Phinney, and L. Teng. Most of this work was supported by National Science Foundation Grant G-19778 and by the American Petroleum Institute.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFG-19778
American Petroleum InstituteUNSPECIFIED
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Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Caltech Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences1139
Series Name:Memoir (American Association of Petroleum Geologists)
Issue or Number:3
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20140923-093145767
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20140923-093145767
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:49926
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:23 Sep 2014 17:33
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 07:18

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