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The Sudden Onset of Acoustic Effects with Increasing Nozzle-Chevron Length In a Mach 0.9 Jet

Fontaine, Ryan A. and Austin, Joanna M. and Elliott, Gregory S. and Freund, Jonathan B. (2012) The Sudden Onset of Acoustic Effects with Increasing Nozzle-Chevron Length In a Mach 0.9 Jet. Bulletin of the American Physical Society, 57 (17). ISSN 0003-0503.

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The addition of chevrons to the exit of a jet has been found to reduce far-field noise, making it an effective passive noise reduction technique. The selection of specific designs, however, is challenging since mechanics models provide insufficient guidance and computations remain far too expensive for trial-and-error parameter exploration. To assess the design optimization problem, we have experimentally evaluated parametric dependence of sound on chevron geometry. Specifically, rapid prototyping is used to change the model geometries and study the relationship between chevron length and the far-field jet noise. We show that the effect of the chevron starts relatively abruptly for lengths less than 4 mm, which is well less than the 16 mm length selected as a starting point from previous studies. Thus a small increase in the chevron length can produce a large change in the far-field sound. However, for longer chevrons the sound is insensitive to the length, which has important implications for design optimization. Additionally, other flow diagnostics are performed to better understand the flow characteristics resulting in the observed changes in jet noise.

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Additional Information:© 2014 American Physical Society. Date submitted: 02 Aug 2012. Abstract ID: BAPS.2012.DFD.D24.2
Issue or Number:17
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20141001-152516793
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:50155
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:03 Oct 2014 22:00
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 07:20

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