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The general circulation of the atmosphere

Schneider, Tapio (2006) The general circulation of the atmosphere. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 34 . pp. 655-688. ISSN 0084-6597. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:SCHNareps06

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Abstract

Theories of how Earth's surface climate may change in the future, of how it may have been in the past, and of how it is related to climates of other planets must build upon a theory of the general circulation of the atmosphere. The view of the atmospheric general circulation presented here focuses not on Earth's general circulation as such but on a continuum of idealized circulations with axisymmetric flow statistics. Analyses of observational data for Earth's atmosphere, simulations with idealized general circulation models, and theoretical considerations suggest how characteristics of the tropical Hadley circulation, of the extratropical circulation, and of atmospheric macroturbulence may depend on parameters such as the planet radius and rotation rate and the strength of the differential heating at the surface.


Item Type:Article
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Schneider, Tapio0000-0001-5687-2287
Additional Information:"Reprinted, with permission, from the Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Science, Volume 34 copyright 2006 by Annual Reviews, www.annualreviews.org" Collaborations and conversations with Isaac Held shaped my view of the general circulation and are reflected in this review. Chris Walker and Paul O’Gorman kindly provided simulation results and reanalysis data in a format that helped to produce the figures. I thank Paul O’Gorman, Olivier Pauluis, Adam Sobel, and Geoffrey Vallis for reviewing the manuscript and for offering helpful suggestions. I gratefully acknowledge financial support from the Davidow Discovery Fund, the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the National Science Foundation (grant no. 0450059), and the Aspen Center for Physics, where I wrote part of this review. The National Center for Atmospheric Research (which is sponsored by the National Science Foundation) provided computational support and the reanalysis data.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Davidow Discovery FundUNSPECIFIED
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
NSFAGS-0450059
Aspen Center for PhysicsUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Hadley circulation, macroturbulence, baroclinic eddies, jets, scaling laws
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:SCHNareps06
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:SCHNareps06
Alternative URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.earth.34.031405.125144
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:5016
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Archive Administrator
Deposited On:19 Sep 2006
Last Modified:02 Oct 2019 23:18

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