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Molecular composition of the water-soluble fraction of atmospheric carbonaceous aerosols collected during ACE-Asia

Mader, B. T. and Yu, J. Z. and Xu, J. H. and Li, Q. F. and Wu, W. S. and Flagan, R. C. and Seinfeld, J. H. (2004) Molecular composition of the water-soluble fraction of atmospheric carbonaceous aerosols collected during ACE-Asia. Journal of Geophysical Research D, 109 (D6). Art. No. D06206. ISSN 0148-0227. doi:10.1029/2003JD004105.

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During the Asian Pacific Regional Aerosol Characterization Experiment (ACE-Asia), samples of carbonaceous aerosols were collected on board the Center for Interdisciplinary Remotely Piloted Aircraft Studies (CIRPAS) De Havilland DHC-6 Twin Otter aircraft. The samples were analyzed to determine their total carbon (TC) and water-soluble organic compound (WSOC) contents as well as to identify the individual compounds comprising the WSOC fraction of the aerosol. The TC concentrations varied from 3.5 to 14.3 μg C m^(−3); the highest TC levels were observed for samples collected in pollution layers that originated over mainland China. WSOC concentrations ranged from 0.54 to 7.2 μg C m^(−3), with the WSOC fraction contributing from 10 to 50% of the carbon mass. About 50% of the carbonaceous aerosol mass in pollution layers could be attributed to WSOC. For samples collected in dust layers the WSOC fraction of TC was much lower than that observed in pollution layers. The sum of all the detected organic ions accounted for 6.9–19% of the WSOC. In the six samples collected by the Twin Otter during ACE-Asia, of the organic ions identified in the WSOC fraction, oxalate had the highest concentration. Samples collected from pollution layers exhibited a slightly higher ratio of formate to oxalate as compared to the other samples. Two samples had a relatively high ratio of lactate to oxalate, which might be a signature of some currently unidentified source of carbonaceous aerosol. The sum of the masses of sulfate and nitrate ions exceeded the sum of the masses of the identified organic ions by a factor of 9 to 17. The chemical levoglucosan, a tracer for biomass burning, comprised from 0.1 to 0.4% of TC mass. Comparing this ratio to the ratio measured directly in wood-burning studies it was determined that biomass burning may have represented from ≈2 to 10% of the carbonaceous aerosol collected during ACE-Asia.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Flagan, R. C.0000-0001-5690-770X
Seinfeld, J. H.0000-0003-1344-4068
Additional Information:Copyright 2004 by the American Geophysical Union. Received 25 August 2003; revised 23 January 2004; accepted 5 February 2004; published 23 March 2004. This project was supported by Office of Naval Research grant N00014-96-0119, National Science Foundation grant ATM-0001934, and Hong Kong Research Grants Council (HKUST6185/00P).
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Office of Naval Research (ONR)N00014-96-0119
Hong Kong Research Grants CouncilHKUST6185/00P
Subject Keywords:water-soluble organic compounds; dicarboxylic acids; airborne sampling
Issue or Number:D6
Classification Code:0305 Atmospheric Composition and Structure: Aerosols and particles (0345, 4801); 0345 Atmospheric Composition and Structure: Pollution—urban and regional (0305); 0365 Atmospheric Composition and Structure: Troposphere—composition and chemistry
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20141027-152626570
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Official Citation:Mader, B. T., J. Z. Yu, J. H. Xu, Q. F. Li, W. S. Wu, R. C. Flagan, and J. H. Seinfeld (2004), Molecular composition of the water-soluble fraction of atmospheric carbonaceous aerosols collected during ACE-Asia, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D06206, doi:10.1029/2003JD004105.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:50883
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:27 Oct 2014 22:36
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 19:02

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