CaltechAUTHORS
  A Caltech Library Service

Compressional sound velocity, equation of state, and constitutive response of shock-compressed magnesium oxide

Duffy, Thomas S. and Ahrens, Thomas J. (1995) Compressional sound velocity, equation of state, and constitutive response of shock-compressed magnesium oxide. Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth, 100 (B1). pp. 529-542. ISSN 2169-9313. doi:10.1029/94JB02065. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20141028-122651904

[img]
Preview
PDF - Published Version
See Usage Policy.

1MB

Use this Persistent URL to link to this item: https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20141028-122651904

Abstract

Wave profile and equation of state (EOS) data are reported for low-porosity polycrystalline magnesium oxide under shock compression. The Hugoniot equation of state between 14 and 133 GPa is U_S = 6.87(10) + 1.24(4)u_p, where the numbers in parentheses are one standard deviation uncertainties in the last digit(s). Reverse-impact wave profiles constrain the compressional sound velocity, V_p, at 10–27 GPa to ±2%. Measured V_p values are consistent with ultrasonic data extrapolated from 3 GPa. By combining the Hugoniot results with ultrasonic data, the adiabatic bulk modulus and its first and second pressure derivatives at constant entropy are 162.5(2) GPa, 4.09(9), and −0.019(4) GPa^(−1). The shear modulus and its first and second pressure derivatives are 130.8(2) GPa, 2.5(1), −0.026(45) GPa^(−1). Polycrystalline MgO has a compressive yield strength of 1–1.5 GPa at the elastic limit which increases to 2.7(8) GPa along the Hugoniot and is similar at unloading. Wave profiles for MgO at 10–39 GPa are described using a modified elastic-plastic model. There are significant differences in the dynamic response of single-crystal and polycrystalline MgO.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/94JB02065DOIArticle
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/94JB02065/abstractPublisherArticle
Additional Information:© 1995 The American Geophysical Union. Received April 6, 1994; revised July 28, 1994; Accepted August 11, 1994. Paper number 94JB02065. We thank S. M. Rigden for performing the ultrasonic sound velocity measurements. M. Long, E. Gelle, and A. Devora provided experimental assistance. The comments of R. Jeanloz and two reviewers are appreciated. We also acknowledge L. Barker and O. B. Crump for helpful discussions. This research was supported by the NSF. Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology contribution 5397.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFUNSPECIFIED
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Caltech Division of Geological and Planetary Science5397
Issue or Number:B1
DOI:10.1029/94JB02065
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20141028-122651904
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20141028-122651904
Official Citation:Duffy, T. S., & Ahrens, T. J. (1995). Compressional sound velocity, equation of state, and constitutive response of shock-compressed magnesium oxide. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 100(B1), 529-542. doi: 10.1029/94jb02065
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:50938
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Joanne McCole
Deposited On:28 Oct 2014 22:18
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 19:03

Repository Staff Only: item control page