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Core polarization and hyperfine structure of the B, C, N, O, and F atoms

Goddard, William A., III (1969) Core polarization and hyperfine structure of the B, C, N, O, and F atoms. Physical Review, 182 (1). pp. 48-64. ISSN 0031-899X. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.182.48.

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Calculations on the hyperfine-splitting constants for the atoms B, C, N, O, and F have been carried out by both the unrestricted Hartree-Fock (UHF) method and a method corresponding to optimizing the orbitals of a Slater determinant after spin projection (the GF method). This is equivalent to one form of Löwdin's extended Hartree-Fock method. These calculations account for core-polarization contributions to the spin density but not for any significant part of the electron correlation. It is found that the core-polarization term is significantly larger (for N about 65% larger) than the experimental value, indicating that the remaining correlation effects significantly decrease the magnitude of the spin density at the nucleus. Since these calculations used analytic expansions, an extensive set of basis sets was examined in order to determine what type of basis set is required in order to obtain accurate values for various properties. On the basis of these calculations and the observed hyperfine structure, we obtain a magnetic moment (in nuclear magnetons) of μN=±0.97 for 11C and electric quadrupole moments (in barns) of Q=0.037 for 11B, Q=0.031 for 11C (assuming μN for 11C to be negative), and Q=-0.025 for 17O.

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Goddard, William A., III0000-0003-0097-5716
Additional Information:©1969 The American Physical Society. Received 9 September 1968. Partially supported by a Grant (GP-6965) from the National Science Foundation.
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ID Code:5099
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:29 Sep 2006
Last Modified:08 Nov 2021 20:22

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