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Shock effects on hydrous minerals and implications for carbonaceous meteorites

Lange, Manfred A. and Lambert, Philippe and Ahrens, Thomas J. (1985) Shock effects on hydrous minerals and implications for carbonaceous meteorites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 49 (8). pp. 1715-1726. ISSN 0016-7037. doi:10.1016/0016-7037(85)90142-5.

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New infrared absorption spectra, thermo-gravimetric analyses and optical-and scanning electron microscopy of shock-recovered specimens of antigorite serpentine (Mg_3Si_2O_5(OH)_4) from the pressure range between 25 to 59 GPa are reported. The infrared spectra show systematic changes in absorption peaks related to structural and molecular surface absorbed water. H_2O absorption peaks increase at the expense of OH peaks with increasing shock pressure. Changes in SiO bond vibrational modes with increasing shock pressure parallel those seen for other, non-hydrous minerals. Thermogravimetric analyses of shock-recovered samples determine the amount of shock-induced water loss. For samples shocked in vented assemblies, the data define a relation between shock-induced water loss versus shock pressure. Results for samples shocked in sealed assemblies demonstrate a dependence of water loss on shock pressure and target confinement. For the vented assembly samples, a linear relation between shock pressure and both the length of dehydration interval and the effective activation energy for releasing post-shock structural water in antigorite is found. Optical and scanning electron miscroscopy of shocked antigorite reveal a number of textures thought to be unique to shock loading of volatile-bearing minerals. Gas bubbles, which probably are the result of shock-released H_2O appear to be injected into zones of partial melting. This process may produce the vesicular dark veins which are distributed throughout heavily shocked samples. The present observations suggest several criteria which may constrain possible shock histories of the hydrous matrix phases of carbonaceous condrites. A model is proposed for explaining hydrous alteration processes occurring on carbonaceous chondrite parent bodies in the course of their accretion. We speculate that shock loading of hydrous minerals would release and redistribute free water in the regoliths of carbonaceous chondrite parent bodies giving rise to the observed hydrous alterations.

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Additional Information:© 1985 Pergamon Press Ltd. Received August 21, 1984; Accepted in revised form May 1, 1985. We appreciate the skillful help of W. Ginn, E. Gelle, and M. Long in the experiments and the use of the spectroscopic and thermogravimetric analyzer and advice proffered by G. Rossman and R. Aines. The assistance of R. Schmidt and T. Thompson with the shock experiments at NASA-Johnson Space Center is gratefully acknowledged. We thank F. Horz for critically reading several versions of this paper and R. Brett, J. Kerridge, and H. McSween for helpful reviews. M. Lange was supported by a stipend from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft while at CalTech. P. Lambert was supported by the National Research Council as a Research Associate. The microphotometer and its attachments were used through the courtesy of Dr. C. B. Moore and the Center for Meteorite Studies, Arizona State University. This work is supported under NASA grant NGL05-002-105. Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, Contribution 3936.
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Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)UNSPECIFIED
National Research CouncilUNSPECIFIED
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Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences3936
Issue or Number:8
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20141030-145418595
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Official Citation:Lange, M. A., Lambert, P., & Ahrens, T. J. (1985). Shock effects on hydrous minerals and implications for carbonaceous meteorites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 49(8), 1715-1726. doi:
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:51094
Deposited By: Joanne McCole
Deposited On:31 Oct 2014 18:55
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 19:05

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