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Impact induced dehydration of serpentine and the evolution of planetary atmospheres

Lange, M. A. and Ahrens, Thomas J. (1982) Impact induced dehydration of serpentine and the evolution of planetary atmospheres. Journal of Geophysical Research B, 87 (S1). A451-A456. ISSN 0148-0227. doi:10.1029/JB087iS01p0A451.

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Shock recovery experiments in the 25 to 45 GPa range on antigorite serpentine determine the amount of shock-induced loss of structural water as a function of shock pressure. Infrared absorption spectra of shock recovered samples demonstrate systematic changes in the amount of structural water and molecular, surface adsorbed water. These yield qualitative estimates of shock-induced water loss and demonstrate that a portion of the shock released structural water is readsorbed on interfacial grain surfaces. Determination of the post-shock water content of the shocked samples relates shock-induced water loss and shock pressure. Based on the present results and theoretical predictions, we conclude that shock pressures of from 20 to ∼60 GPa induce incipient to complete water loss, respectively. This result agrees closely with theoretical estimates for total dehydration. The dehydration interval and the activation energies for dehydration in shocked samples decrease systematically with increasing shock pressure as experienced by the sample. We believe the present experiments are applicable to describing dehydration processes of serpentine-like minerals in the accretional environment of the terrestrial planets. We conclude that complete loss of structural water in serpentine could have occurred from accretional impacts of ∼3 km/sec when earth and Venus have grown to about 50% of their final size. Accreting planetesimals, impacting Mars, never reached velocities sufficient for complete dehydration of serpentine. Our results support a model in which an impact generated atmosphere/hydrosphere forms while the earth is accreting.

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Additional Information:Copyright 1982 by the American Geophysical Union. (Received April 9, 1982; revised June 21, 1982; accepted June 30, 1982.) Paper number 2B1157. We appreciate the assistance of M. Boslough, W. Ginn, E. Gelle, and M. Long in the experiments and the use of the spectroscopic and thermogravimetric analyzer and advice proferred by G. Rossman. We thank A. Chodos for the microprobe analysis of our sample. Helpful suggestions of an anonymous reviewer and R. Ostertag are greatly appreciated. M. Lange is supported by a stipend from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft. This work is supported under NASA grant NGL05-002-105. Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, Contribution 3772.
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Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)UNSPECIFIED
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Caltech Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences3772
Issue or Number:S1
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Official Citation:Lange, M. A., and T. J. Ahrens (1982), Impact induced dehydration of serpentine and the evolution of planetary atmospheres, J. Geophys. Res., 87(S01), A451–A456, doi:10.1029/JB087iS01p0A451.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:51140
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:03 Nov 2014 16:13
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 19:06

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