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Surface erosion caused on Mars from Viking descent engine plume

Hutton, R. E. and Moore, H. J. and Scott, R. F. and Shorthill, R. W. and Spitzer, C. R. (1980) Surface erosion caused on Mars from Viking descent engine plume. The Moon and the Planets, 23 (3). pp. 293-305. ISSN 0165-0807. doi:10.1007/BF00902045.

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During the Martian landings the descent engine plumes on Viking Lander 1 (VL-1) and Viking Lander 2 (VL-2) eroded the Martian surface materials. This had been anticipated and investigated both analytically and experimentally during the design phase of the Viking spacecraft. This paper presents data on erosion obtained during the tests of the Viking descent engine and the evidence for erosion by the descent engines of VL-1 and VL-2 on Mars. From these and other results, it is concluded that there are four distinct surface materials on Mars: (1) drift material, (2) crusty to cloddy material, (3) blocky material, and (4) rock.

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Additional Information:© 1980 D. Reidel Publishing Co. Received 14 January, 1980.
Issue or Number:3
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20141103-133359056
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:51184
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:03 Nov 2014 21:52
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 19:07

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