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Experiments with a Slow Neutron Velocity Spectrometer

Baker, C. P. and Bacher, R. F. (1941) Experiments with a Slow Neutron Velocity Spectrometer. Physical Review, 59 (4). pp. 332-348. ISSN 0031-899X. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.59.332. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20141105-104651841

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Abstract

Neutron bursts were produced by modulation of the arc source of a small cyclotron. Neutrons subsequently slowed down in paraffin were detected by a BF_3 ionization chamber and linear amplifier. Modulation of an additional amplifier allowed the counting of all detected neutrons as well as those arriving in a specified time interval. Time of flight experiments were carried out at 3.0 meters with "on" times of 50 or 100 μsec. (microseconds) out of a period of 2500 μsec. The modulation of the source and detector was accurate to about 5 μsec. The absorption of thin Cd (0.052 g/cm^2) shows a resolved resonance absorption with maximum at 0.14 ev. The thick Cd (0.45 g/cm^2) absorption was also examined and it was found that the absorption edge was not sharp, the transmission being 0.5 at 0.47 ev. Experiments with thick absorbers of Rh and In showed definite evidence of resonance absorption at 1.0 ev for both elements. Experiments were also carried out to study the delayed emission of thermal neutrons from the paraffin surrounding the source. An effective mean life of 170 μsec. was found. The effect of the resolution of the apparatus was examined and found to be small except for the resonances at 1.0 ev. The effect of the delayed emission of thermal neutrons on the time of flight measurements was also examined. From the thin Cd absorption curve T, the total width of the resonance level, was found to be 0.12 ev and from the cross section at resonance [1±(1/2i+1)]Γn, where Γn is the neutron width and i is the angular momentum of the absorbing nucleus, it was found to be 5×10^(−4) ev. In this calculation 13 percent abundance of the effective isotope was assumed.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.59.332DOIArticle
https://journals.aps.org/pr/abstract/10.1103/PhysRev.59.332PublisherArticle
Additional Information:© 1941 The American Physical Society. (Received December 30, 1940). This work was reported previously in brief. Baker and Bacher, Phys. Rev. 57, 351 (1940); 57, 1076 (1940). The writers are grateful to H. A. Bethe and G. Placzek for numerous stimulating discussions during the course of these experiments.
Issue or Number:4
DOI:10.1103/PhysRev.59.332
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20141105-104651841
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20141105-104651841
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:51290
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:05 Nov 2014 20:55
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 19:08

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