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The 1983 Akita-Oki earthquake (M_w=7.8) and its implications for systematics of subduction

Kanamori, Hiroo and Astiz, Luciana (1985) The 1983 Akita-Oki earthquake (M_w=7.8) and its implications for systematics of subduction. In: Practical Approaches to Earthquake Prediction and Warning. No.3. Terra Scientific Publishing Company , pp. 305-317. ISBN 978-90-481-8421-7.

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The source parameters of the May 26, 1983, earthquake off the coast of Akita prefecture (02^h59^m59.6^(s)UT, 40.462°N, 139.102°E, 24 km, m_b = 6.8, M_S = 7.7) determined from long-period surface waves are: 1st nodal plane; dip = 30° (E21°S), slip angle = 115°; 2nd nodal plane; dip = 63° (W7°S), slip angle = 76°; Seismic moment = 5.9 × 10^(27) dyne cm (M_W = 7.8). This mechanism is consistent with a plate model, recently suggested by several investigators, that places the boundary between the Eurasian and North American plates along the Japan Sea Coast of Honshu Island, Japan. Within the framework of this model, Honshu, Hokkaido and Sakhalin reside on the North American plate, and the Akita-Oki event represents subduction of the Eurasian plate beneath the North American Plate. The convergence rate V between the North American and Eurasia plates is 1.1 cm/year along the Japan Sea Coast of Honshu and the age T of the plate being subducted is estimated to be about 20 M years. For these values of V and T, a previously determined empirical relation between earthquake magnitude, convergence rate and plate age for large earthquakes at subduction zones predicts a magnitude (M W) of 8.0 which agrees very well with that of the Akita-Oki earthquake. This good agreement between the observed and predicted values of M_W suggests that the empirical relation is valid for subduction zones with very small T and V such as the Juan de Fuca subduction zone, Pacific Northwest, for which V = 3 to 4 cm/year, T = 10 to 15 M years and M_W = 8.4 has been estimated. There is some indication that interplate slip at subduction zones with a very young (T < 20 M years) subducting plate has a significant amount of aseismic component, which increases the repeat time.

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Kanamori, Hiroo0000-0001-8219-9428
Alternate Title:The 1983 Akita-Oki earthquake (Mw=7.8) and its implications for systematics of subduction
Additional Information:© 1985 Terra Scientific Publishing Company (Terrapub), Tokyo, Japan. Received October 23, 1984. We thank Steven Wesnousky, Tom Heaton, Tetsuzo Seno, Kazuaki Nakamura, Kunihiko Shimazaki, Holly Eissler and Heidi Houston, for comments and information. This research was supported by the National Science Foundation under contract number EAR-8116023 and by the United States Geological Survey under contract number 14-08-0001-G-814. Contribution number 4089, Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology.
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Caltech Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences4089
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Official Citation:Kanamori, H., & Astiz, L. (1985). The 1983 Akita-Oki Earthquake (M W = 7.8) and Its Implications for Systematics of Subduction Earthquakes. In C. Kisslinger & T. Rikitake (Eds.), Practical Approaches to Earthquake Prediction and Warning (pp. 305-317): Springer Netherlands.
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ID Code:51568
Deposited By: Jason Perez
Deposited On:12 Nov 2014 00:52
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 19:12

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