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The Atom-Cavity Microscope: Single Atoms Bound in Orbit by Single Photons

Hood, C. J. and Lynn, T. W. and Doherty, A. C. and Parkins, A. S. and Kimble, H. J. (2000) The Atom-Cavity Microscope: Single Atoms Bound in Orbit by Single Photons. Science, 287 (5457). pp. 1447-1453. ISSN 0036-8075. doi:10.1126/science.287.5457.1447.

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The motion of individual cesium atoms trapped inside an optical resonator is revealed with the atom-cavity microscope (ACM). A single atom moving within the resonator generates large variations in the transmission of a weak probe laser, which are recorded in real time. An inversion algorithm then allows individual atom trajectories to be reconstructed from the record of cavity transmission and reveals single atoms bound in orbit by the mechanical forces associated with single photons. In these initial experiments, the ACM yields 2-micrometer spatial resolution in a 10-microsecond time interval. Over the duration of the observation, the sensitivity is near the standard quantum limit for sensing the motion of a cesium atom.

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Additional Information:© 2000 American Association for the Advancement of Science. 25 October 1999; accepted 18 January 2000. We gratefully acknowledge the contributions of K. Birnbaum, M. S. Chapman, H. Mabuchi, J. Ye, and S. Tan to the current research. This work is supported by the NSF, by the Office of Naval Research, by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency via the Quantum Information and Computation Institute administered by Army Research Office, and by Hewlett-Packard Research Labs. Work at the University of Auckland is supported by the Marsden Fund of the Royal Society of New Zealand.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Office of Naval Research (ONR)UNSPECIFIED
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)UNSPECIFIED
Army Research Office (ARO)UNSPECIFIED
Hewlett-Packard Research LabsUNSPECIFIED
Royal Society of New Zealand Marsden FundUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:5457
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20141113-105631536
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Official Citation:The Atom-Cavity Microscope: Single Atoms Bound in Orbit by Single Photons C. J. Hood, T. W. Lynn, A. C. Doherty, A. S. Parkins, and H. J. Kimble Science 25 February 2000: 287 (5457), 1447-1453. [DOI:10.1126/science.287.5457.1447]
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:51708
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:13 Nov 2014 21:09
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 19:14

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