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Deterministic Generation of Single Photons from One Atom Trapped in a Cavity

McKeever, J. and Boca, A. and Boozer, A. D. and Miller, R. and Buck, J. R. and Kuzmich, A. and Kimble, H. J. (2004) Deterministic Generation of Single Photons from One Atom Trapped in a Cavity. Science, 303 (5666). pp. 1992-1994. ISSN 0036-8075. doi:10.1126/science.1095232.

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A single cesium atom trapped within the mode of an optical cavity is used to generate single photons on demand. The photon wave packets are emitted as a Gaussian beam with temporal profile and repetition rate controlled by external driving fields. Each generation attempt is inferred to succeed with a probability near unity, whereas the efficiency for creating an unpolarized photon in the total cavity output is 0.69 ± 0.10, as limited by passive cavity losses. An average of 1.4 × 10^4 photons are produced by each trapped atom. These results constitute an important step in quantum information science, for example, toward the realization of distributed quantum networking.

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Additional Information:© 2004 American Association for the Advancement of Science. Received 31 December 2003; accepted 18 February 2004; Published online 26 February 2004. We gratefully acknowledge the contributions of K. M. Birnbaum, S. J. van Enk, H.-C. Nägerl, D. M. Stamper- Kurn, D. W. Vernooy, and J. Ye. This work was supported by the Caltech MURI Center for Quantum Networks under U.S. Army Research Office grant DAAD19-00-1-0374, by the NSF, and by the Office of Naval Research.
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Army Research Office (ARO)DAAD19-00-1-0374
Office of Naval Research (ONR)UNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:5666
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20141118-130810715
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:51908
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:18 Nov 2014 21:20
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 19:17

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