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Spintronics: A Spin-Based Electronics Vision for the Future

Wolf, S. A. and Awschalom, D. D. and Buhrman, R. A. and Daughton, J. M. and von Molnár, S. and Roukes, M. L. and Chtchelkanova, A. Y. and Treger, D. M. (2001) Spintronics: A Spin-Based Electronics Vision for the Future. Science, 294 (5546). pp. 1488-1495. ISSN 0036-8075. doi:10.1126/science.1065389.

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This review describes a new paradigm of electronics based on the spin degree of freedom of the electron. Either adding the spin degree of freedom to conventional charge-based electronic devices or using the spin alone has the potential advantages of nonvolatility, increased data processing speed, decreased electric power consumption, and increased integration densities compared with conventional semiconductor devices. To successfully incorporate spins into existing semiconductor technology, one has to resolve technical issues such as efficient injection, transport, control and manipulation, and detection of spin polarization as well as spin-polarized currents. Recent advances in new materials engineering hold the promise of realizing spintronic devices in the near future. We review the current state of the spin-based devices, efforts in new materials fabrication, issues in spin transport, and optical spin manipulation.

Item Type:Article
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Roukes, M. L.0000-0002-2916-6026
Additional Information:© 2001 American Association for the Advancement of Science. This article was motivated in part from a WTEC study on Spin Electronics sponsored by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, the NSF, Office of the Secretary of Defense, and National Institute of Standards and Technology.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)UNSPECIFIED
Office of the Secretary of DefenseUNSPECIFIED
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)UNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:5546
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20141118-134416368
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Official Citation:Spintronics: A Spin-Based Electronics Vision for the Future S. A. Wolf, D. D. Awschalom, R. A. Buhrman, J. M. Daughton, S. von Molnár, M. L. Roukes, A. Y. Chtchelkanova, and D. M. Treger Science 16 November 2001: 294 (5546), 1488-1495. [DOI:10.1126/science.1065389]
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:51914
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:18 Nov 2014 22:22
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 19:17

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