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Field experiments on solar geoengineering: report of a workshop exploring a representative research portfolio

Keith, David W. and Duren, Riley and MacMartin, Douglas G. (2014) Field experiments on solar geoengineering: report of a workshop exploring a representative research portfolio. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series A: Mathematical and physical sciences, 372 (2031). Art. No. 20140175. ISSN 0080-4614. PMCID PMC4240958. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20141124-121005082

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Abstract

The heterogeneous replacement of chloride by nitrate in individual sea-salt particles was monitored continuously over time in the troposphere with the use of aerosol time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Modeling calculations show that the observed chloride displacement process is consistent with a heterogeneous chemical reaction between sea-salt particles and gas-phase nitric acid, leading to sodium nitrate production in the particle phase accompanied by liberation of gaseous HCl from the particles. Such single-particle measurements, combined with a single-particle model, make it possible to monitor and explain heterogeneous gas/particle chemistry as it occurs in the atmosphere.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2014.0175DOIArticle
http://rsta.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/372/2031/20140175PublisherArticle
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4240958/PubMed CentralArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Duren, Riley0000-0003-4723-5280
MacMartin, Douglas G.0000-0003-1987-9417
Additional Information:© 2014 The Authors. Published by the Royal Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/ by/4.0/, which permits unrestricted use, provided the original author and source are credited. One contribution of 15 to a Theme Issue ‘Climate engineering: exploring nuances and consequences of deliberately altering the Earth’s energy budget’. The authors thank the participants in the solar geoengineering field experiments workshop at Harvard in March 2014 for suggesting concepts that grounded this study and contributing to the findings described here. D.G.M. thanks the Keck Institute for Space Studies. Funding statement. R.D.’s work on climate decision support was done at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology under contract to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
Group:Keck Institute for Space Studies
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASA/JPL/CaltechUNSPECIFIED
Keck Institute for Space Studies (KISS)UNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:solar geoengineering, solar radiation management, experiment
Issue or Number:2031
PubMed Central ID:PMC4240958
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20141124-121005082
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20141124-121005082
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:52102
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:24 Nov 2014 21:01
Last Modified:11 Oct 2019 21:27

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