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The core of the nearby S0 galaxy NGC 7457 imaged with the HST planetary camera

Lauer, Tod R. and Faber, S. M. and Holtzman, Jon A. and Baum, William A. and Currie, Douglas G. and Ewald, S. P. and Groth, Edward J. and Hester, J. Jeff and Kelsall, T. and Kristian, Jerome and Light, Robert M. and Lynds, C. Roger and O'Neill, Earl J., Jr. and Shaya, Edward J. and Westphal, James A. (1991) The core of the nearby S0 galaxy NGC 7457 imaged with the HST planetary camera. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 369 (2). L41-L44. ISSN 2041-8205. doi:10.1086/185954.

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We have observed the nearby S0 galaxy NGC 7457 with the Planetary Camera of the Hubble Space Telescope. Spatial structure is observable at the diffraction-limited resolution of the 2.4 m HST primary despite the effects of spherical aberration. The central distribution of starlight appears consistent with a y ~ -1.0 power law for r < 600 pc, plus a possible additional stellar nucleus with L - 1 x 10^7 L_☉ (V band). We find no evidence of a core to limits r_c <0".052 = 3.4 pc (H_0 = 80 km s^(-1) Mpc^(-1)), in contrast to a priori estimates of r_c ~ 30 pc based on total galaxy luminosity. The center of NGC 7457 remains unresolved at HST resolution and has a central luminosity density p_0 > 3 x 10^4 L_☉ pc^(-3) (V band). This is now the second densest core known after M32. From the ground, NGC 7457 resembles any number of unresolved elliptical galaxies, which suggests that compact dense cores may be common. The images of NGC 7457 demonstrate that HST can still provide unique and astrophysically interesting information on the central structure of galaxies.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Faber, S. M.0000-0003-4996-214X
Ewald, S. P.0000-0002-1567-9154
Additional Information:© 1991 American Astronomical Society. Received 1990 October 1; accepted 1990 November 19. Based on observations with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, obtained at the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by AURA, Inc., under NASA contract NAS 5-26555. This research was conducted by the WFPC Investigation Definition Team operating under partial support from NASA contract NAS 5-25421.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASANAS 5-25421
NASANAS 5-26555
Subject Keywords:galaxies: nuclei, galaxies: photometry, galaxies: structure
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20141125-142401412
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Official Citation:The core of the nearby S0 galaxy NGC 7457 imaged with the HST planetary camera Lauer, Tod R.; Faber, S. M.; Holtzman, Jon A.; Baum, William A.; Currie, Douglas G.; Ewald, S. P.; Groth, Edward J.; Hester, J. Jeff; Kelsall, T.; Kristian, Jerome; Light, Robert M.; Lynds, C. Roger; O'Neil, Earl J., Jr.; Shaya, Edward J.; Westphal, James A. Astrophysical Journal, Part 2 - Letters (ISSN 0004-637X), vol. 369, March 10, 1991, p. L41-L44.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:52156
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:26 Nov 2014 16:10
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 19:21

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