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Chromophores with Strong Heterocyclic Acceptors: A Poled Polymer with a Large Electro-Optic Coefficient

Ahlheim, Markus and Barzoukas, Marguerite and Bedworth, Peter V. and Blanchard-Desce, Mireille and Fort, Alain and Hu, Zhong-Ying and Marder, Seth R. and Perry, Joseph W. and Runser, Claude and Staehelin, Markus and Zysset, Beat (1996) Chromophores with Strong Heterocyclic Acceptors: A Poled Polymer with a Large Electro-Optic Coefficient. Science, 271 (5247). pp. 335-337. ISSN 0036-8075. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20141216-091412715

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Abstract

Syntheses of a series of conjugated donor-acceptor chromophores, based on a strongly electron-withdrawing heterocyclic acceptor, have led to compounds with large second-order optical nonlinearities. Incorporation of one of these chromophores into polycarbonate at 20 percent weight loading yielded, after poling at 150 volts per micrometer, a polymer film with an electro-optic coefficient, r_(33), of 55 picometers per volt at 1.313 micrometers. This value is roughly twice that of lithium niobate. A variant of one of these chromophores exhibited improved thermal stability as needed for use in polymers with higher glass transition temperatures. The chromophore was soluble in common organic solvents, had a scalar product of the dipole moment, μ, and the molecular first hyperpolarizability, β (corrected for dispersion), of roughly 5000 × 10^(−48) electrostatic units, and showed less than 10 percent decomposition after heating for 20 minutes in air and at 200°C in an inert organic solvent.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.271.5247.335 DOIArticle
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/271/5247/335PublisherArticle
http://www.jstor.org/stable/2890462JSTORArticle
Additional Information:© 1996 American Association for the Advancement of Science. Received 9 August 1995; accepted 7 November 1995. The work in this paper was performed in part at the Center for Space Microelectronics Technology, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. This work was sponsored by the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization, Innovative Science and Technology Office. Support from the National Science Foundation and the Air Force Office of Scientific Research is also gratefully acknowledged. M.S. thanks the Schweiz Nationalfonds for support. P.V.B. thanks the James Irvine Foundation for a postdoctoral fellowship.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASAUNSPECIFIED
Ballistic Missile Defense OrganizationUNSPECIFIED
NSFUNSPECIFIED
Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)UNSPECIFIED
Schweiz NationalfondsUNSPECIFIED
James Irvine FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20141216-091412715
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20141216-091412715
Official Citation:Chromophores with Strong Heterocyclic Acceptors: A Poled Polymer with a Large Electro-Optic Coefficient Markus Ahlheim, Marguerite Barzoukas, Peter V. Bedworth, Mireille Blanchard-Desce, Alain Fort, Zhong-Ying Hu, Seth R. Marder, Joseph W. Perry, Claude Runser, Markus Staehelin, and Beat Zysset Science 19 January 1996: 271 (5247), 335-337. [DOI:10.1126/science.271.5247.335]
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:52848
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:16 Dec 2014 17:35
Last Modified:16 Dec 2014 17:35

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