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CARMA observations of massive Planck-discovered cluster candidates at z ≳ 0.5 associated with WISE overdensities: strategy, observations and validation

Rodríguez-Gonzálvez, Carmen and Muchovej, Stephen and Chary, Ranga-Ram (2015) CARMA observations of massive Planck-discovered cluster candidates at z ≳ 0.5 associated with WISE overdensities: strategy, observations and validation. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 447 (1). pp. 902-926. ISSN 0035-8711.

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We present 1–2 arcmin spatial resolution Combined Array for Research in Millimetre-wave Astronomy (CARMA)-8 31 GHz observations towards 19 unconfirmed Planck cluster candidates, selected to have significant galaxy overdensities from the WISE early data release and thought to be at z ≳ 1 from the WISE colours of the putative brightest cluster galaxy. We find a Sunyaev–Zeldovich (SZ) detection in the CARMA-8 data towards nine candidate clusters, where one detection is considered tentative. For each cluster candidate we present CARMA-8 maps, a study of their radio-source environment and we assess the reliability of the SZ detection. The CARMA SZ detections appear to be SZ bright, with the mean, primary-beam-corrected peak flux density of the decrement being −2.9 mJy beam^(−1) with a standard deviation of 0.8, and are typically offset from the Planck position by ≈80 arcsec. Using archival imaging data in the vicinity of the CARMA SZ centroids, we present evidence that one cluster matches Abell 586 – a known z ≈ 0.2 cluster; four candidate clusters are likely to have 0.3 ≲ z ≲ 0.7; and, for the remaining four, the redshift information is inconclusive. We also argue that the sensitivity limits resulting from the cross-correlation between Planck and WISE makes it challenging to use our selection criterion to identify clusters at z > 1.

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URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Chary, Ranga-Ram0000-0001-7583-0621
Additional Information:Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society 2014. This work is written by (a) US Government employee(s) and is in the public domain in the US. Accepted 2014 November 18. Received 2014 November 17; in original form 2014 May 23. First published online December 19, 2014. We thank the staff of the Owens Valley Radio observatory and CARMA for their outstanding support, in particular, we would like to thank John Carpenter. Support for CARMA construction was derived from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, the Kenneth T. and Eileen L. Norris Foundation, the James S. McDonnell Foundation, the Associates of the California Institute of Technology, the University of Chicago, the states of California, Illinois, and Maryland, and the National Science Foundation. Ongoing CARMA development and operations are supported by the National Science Foundation under a cooperative agreement, and by the CARMA partner universities. The Planck results used in this study are based on observations obtained with the Planck satellite (, an ESA science mission with instruments and contributions directly funded by ESA Member States, NASA, and Canada. This publication makes use of data products from the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, which is a joint project of the University of California, Los Angeles, and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory/California Institute of Technology, funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. We acknowledge the use of NASA's SkyView facility ( located at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. We also wish to thank the referee, Dr Yvette Perrott, for very useful comments on this manuscript.
Group:Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC)
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Gordon and Betty Moore FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Kenneth T. and Eileen L. Norris FoundationUNSPECIFIED
James S. McDonnell FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Caltech AssociatesUNSPECIFIED
University of ChicagoUNSPECIFIED
State of CaliforniaUNSPECIFIED
State of IllinoisUNSPECIFIED
State of MarylandUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:galaxies: clusters: general; cosmic background radiation; large-scale structure of Universe; radio continuum: general
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20141217-133016587
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Official Citation:Carmen Rodríguez-Gonzálvez, Stephen Muchovej, and Ranga Ram Chary CARMA observations of massive Planck-discovered cluster candidates at z ≳ 0.5 associated with WISE overdensities: strategy, observations and validation MNRAS (February 11, 2015) Vol. 447 902-926 doi:10.1093/mnras/stu2443 First published online December 19, 2014
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:52969
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:17 Dec 2014 22:40
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 07:46

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