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Mechanisms of Heading Perception in Primate Visual Cortex

Bradley, David C. and Maxwell, Marsha and Andersen, Richard A. and Banks, Martin S. and Shenoy, Krishna V. (1996) Mechanisms of Heading Perception in Primate Visual Cortex. Science, 273 (5281). pp. 1544-1547. ISSN 0036-8075. doi:10.1126/science.273.5281.1544.

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When we move forward while walking or driving, what we see appears to expand. The center or focus of this expansion tells us our direction of self-motion, or heading, as long as our eyes are still. However, if our eyes move, as when tracking a nearby object on the ground, the retinal image is disrupted and the focus is shifted away from the heading. Neurons in primate dorso-medial superior temporal area responded selectively to an expansion focus in a certain part of the visual field, and this selective region shifted during tracking eye movements in a way that compensated for the retinal focus shift. Therefore, these neurons account for the effect of eye movements on what we see as we travel forward through the world.

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Andersen, Richard A.0000-0002-7947-0472
Additional Information:© 1996 American Association for the Advancement of Science. 19 April 1996; Accepted 19 July 1996. We are grateful to D. Ward and B. Gillikin for technical assistance and to W. Warren and J. Crowell for helpful comments. This work was funded by the National Eye Institute, the Sloan Foundation for Theoretical Neurobiology at Caltech, the Office of Naval Research, and the Air Force Office of Scientific Research.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
National Eye InstituteUNSPECIFIED
Sloan-Swartz Centers for Theoretical NeurobiologyUNSPECIFIED
Office of Naval Research (ONR)UNSPECIFIED
Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)UNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:5281
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20141222-125141201
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Official Citation:Bradley, D. C., Maxwell, M., Andersen, R. A., Banks, M. S., & Shenoy, K. V. (1996). Mechanisms of Heading Perception in Primate Visual Cortex. Science, 273(5281), 1544-1547. doi: 10.1126/science.273.5281.1544
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:53096
Deposited On:23 Dec 2014 17:11
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 19:48

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