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The Effect of Pressure on the Mechanical Properties of Polymers

Fillers, R. W. and Tschoegl, N. W. (1977) The Effect of Pressure on the Mechanical Properties of Polymers. Transactions of the Society of Rheology, 21 (1). pp. 51-100. ISSN 0038-0032. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20141222-133925769

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Abstract

Stress relaxation measurements were made as a function of temperature and hydrostatic pressure on two lightly filled elastomers (Hypalon 40 and Viton B), one highly filled elastomer (Neoprene WB), and on an EPDM rubber. The latter was not piezorheologioally simple. The lightly filled elastomers showed piezorheologically simple behavior, i.e. their response curves under different hydrostatic pressures could be superposed empirically by a simple horizontal shift along the logarithmic axis. The filled elastomer was piezorheologically simple only in the rubbery region and in the beginning of the transition region. The dependence of the empirical shift distances, log a_p , on P could not be described by either the Ferry-Stratton or the Bueche-O'Reilly equation. By considering the bulk modulus to be linearly related to pressure, a new equation has been developed for log a_(T,P) which describes the pressure dependence well and contains the WLF equation as a limiting case. Published data on the response of poly(vinyl chloride) under superposed hydrostatic pressure are shown to obey the new equation also. The theoretical importance of the new equation lies in the fact that combination of the usual isobaric measurements at atmospheric pressure as function of temperature with isothermal measurements as function of pressure allows, in principle, all the molecular parameters required by the free volume theory to be determined unambiguously.


Item Type:Article
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1122/1.549463DOIArticle
http://scitation.aip.org/content/sor/journal/tsor/21/1/10.1122/1.549463PublisherArticle
Additional Information:© 1977 by The Society of Rheology, Inc. Received January 26, 1976 Accepted as revised May 26, 1976 The authors gratefully acknowledge support of this work by the National Science Foundation, the supplies of samples by the E. 1. DuPont de Nemours Company, and last, but not least, advice and helpful discussions with Professor R. W. Vaughan and Mr. W. V. Chang.
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Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20141222-133925769
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ID Code:53105
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Donna Wrublewski
Deposited On:22 Dec 2014 22:10
Last Modified:22 Dec 2014 22:10

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