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Membrane solubilization by a hydrophobic polyelectrolyte: surface activity and membrane binding

Thomas, James L. and Barton, Scott W. and Tirrell, David A. (1994) Membrane solubilization by a hydrophobic polyelectrolyte: surface activity and membrane binding. Biophysical Journal, 67 (3). pp. 1101-1106. ISSN 0006-3495. PMCID PMC1225462. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150109-122804674

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Abstract

We have previously observed that the hydrophobic polyelectrolyte poly(2-ethylacrylic acid) solubilizes lipid membranes in a pH-dependent manner, and we have exploited this phenomenon to prepare lipid vesicles that release their contents in response to pH, light, or glucose (Thomas, J. L., and D. A. Tirrell. Acc. Chem. Res. 25:336-342, 1992). The physical basis for the interaction between poly(2-ethylacrylic acid) and lipid membranes has been explored using surface tensiometry and fluorimetry. Varying the polymer concentration results in changes in surface activity and membrane binding that correlate with shifts in the critical pH for membrane solubilization. Furthermore, the binding affinity is reduced as the amount of bound polymer increases. These results are consistent with a hydrophobically driven micellization process, similar to those observed with apolipoproteins, melittin, and other amphiphilic α-helix-based polypeptides. The absence of specific secondary structure in the synthetic polymer suggests that amphiphilicity, rather than structure, is the most important factor in membrane micellization by macromolecules.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3495(94)80575-2DOIArticle
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006349594805752PublisherArticle
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1225462/PubMed CentralArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Tirrell, David A.0000-0003-3175-4596
Additional Information:Copyright © 1994 The Biophysical Society. Received for publication 9 February 1994 and in final form 1 June 1994. This work was supported by the National Science Foundation Materials Research Laboratory and the Center for Environmentally Appropriate Materials at the University of Massachusetts.
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University of MassachusettsUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:3
PubMed Central ID:PMC1225462
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150109-122804674
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150109-122804674
Official Citation:J.L. Thomas, S.W. Barton, D.A. Tirrell, Membrane solubilization by a hydrophobic polyelectrolyte: surface activity and membrane binding, Biophysical Journal, Volume 67, Issue 3, September 1994, Pages 1101-1106, ISSN 0006-3495, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3495(94)80575-2. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006349594805752)
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:53488
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Anne Hormann
Deposited On:27 Jan 2015 18:38
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 07:50

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