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Model copolymerization reactions. Initiation of the copolymerization of methyl methacrylate and acrylonitrile by 1,1′-azobis(1-phenyl[1-^(13)C]ethane)

Cywar, Douglas A. and Tirrell, David A. (1989) Model copolymerization reactions. Initiation of the copolymerization of methyl methacrylate and acrylonitrile by 1,1′-azobis(1-phenyl[1-^(13)C]ethane). European Polymer Journal, 25 (7-8). pp. 657-664. ISSN 0014-3057. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:CYWepj1989

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Abstract

The copolymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA) and acrylonitrile (A) was initiated by photolysis of 1,1′-azobis(1-phenyl[^(13)C]ethane) (1) at 33°C in benzene. Determination of relative endgroup concentrations in the resulting copolymers allowed determination of the relative rates of addition of MMA and A to the 1-phenylethyl radical derived from 1. We find k_(MMA)/k_A = 0.44 ± 0.03, a value consistent with known copolymerization behavior. Further analysis of 75 MHz ^(13)C NMR spectra led to the determination of k_(MMA)/k_A for the 2-(4-phenylpentanenitrile) radical derived from primary radical addition to A. The measured value of kMMA/kA supports only one of five reported studies of the radical copolymerization behavior of MMA and A.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0014-3057(89)90025-6DOIArticle
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0014305789900256PublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Tirrell, David A.0000-0003-3175-4596
Additional Information:Copyright © 1989 Pergamon Press. (Received 14 February 1989) Acknowledgement is made to the donors of the Petroleum Research Fund, administered by the American Chemical Society, for partial support of this work. Support of our research by a Presidential Young Investigator Award of the National Science Foundation (to D.A.T.) is also gratefully acknowledged. NMR spectra were recorded in the University of Massachusetts NMR Laboratory, which is supported in part by the NSF Materials Research Laboratory at the University. The authors thank Dr Douglas A Wicks for advice and assistance.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
American Chemical Society Petroleum Research FundUNSPECIFIED
NSFUNSPECIFIED
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:CYWepj1989
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:CYWepj1989
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:53532
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Anne Hormann
Deposited On:11 Jan 2015 03:37
Last Modified:11 Jan 2015 03:37

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