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The Discovery of Young, Luminous, Compact Stellar Clusters in the Starburst Galaxy NGC 253

Watson, Alan M. and Gallagher, John S., III and Holtzman, Jon A. and Hester, J. Jeff and Mould, Jeremy R. and Ballester, Gilda E. and Burrows, Christopher J. and Casertano, Stefano and Clarke, John T. and Crisp, David and Evans, Robin and Griffiths, Richard E. and Hoessel, John G. and Scowen, Paul A. and Stapelfeldt, Karl R. and Trauger, John T. and Westphal, James A. (1996) The Discovery of Young, Luminous, Compact Stellar Clusters in the Starburst Galaxy NGC 253. Astronomical Journal, 112 (2). pp. 534-544. ISSN 0004-6256. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150113-151905741

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Abstract

We report the discovery of four young, luminous, compact stellar clusters in the central region of the starburst spiral galaxy NGC 253. One cluster has an intrinsic M_v of about -15 or brighter, an inferred mass in excess of 1.5X10^6 M_☉, assuming a Salpeter IMF from 0.08M_☉ to l00M_☉, and is resolved with a half-light radius of about 2.5 parsec if it has a radial profile similar to a Galactic globular cluster. The others have intrinsic M_v of about -11 or brighter, inferred masses in excess of 5 X 10^4 M_☉, and are similarly compact. These clusters are excellent candidate young globular clusters. The brighter cluster is similar in luminosity, inferred mass, and compactness to the super star clusters found in other sites of ongoing or recent intense star formation. The location of these clusters in the midst of a starburst region suggests that intense star formation may be a key ingredient in their creation. There are hints that these candidate young globular clusters may be forming with a high specific frequency.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/118032DOIArticle
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1996AJ....112..534WADSArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Gallagher, John S., III0000-0001-8608-0408
Mould, Jeremy R.0000-0003-3820-1740
Crisp, David0000-0002-4573-9998
Stapelfeldt, Karl R.0000-0002-2805-7338
Additional Information:© 1996 American Astronomical Society. Provided by the NASA Astrophysics Data System. Received 1995 December 7; accepted 1996 April 29. We are grateful to our anonymous referee for comments which significantly improved this paper. We thank Greg Bothun for supplying the wide-field image of NGC 253 from which we derived our astrometric calibration and Bruce Sams for supplying near-infrared photometry. This work made use of the NASA Extragalactic Database and the Digitized Sky Survey. This work was supported by NASA under contract NAS 7-918.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASANAS 7-918
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150113-151905741
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150113-151905741
Official Citation:The Discovery of Young, Luminous, Compact Stellar Clusters in the Starburst Galaxy NGC 253 Watson, A. M., Gallagher, J. S., III, Holtzman, J. A., Hester, J. J., Mould, J. R., Ballester, G. E., , Astronomical Journal v.112, p.534
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:53645
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:14 Jan 2015 07:07
Last Modified:09 Mar 2020 13:18

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