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WFPC2 Imaging of the Circumstellar Nebulosity of HL Tauri

Stapelfeldt, Karl R. and Burrows, Christopher J. and Krist, John E. and Trauger, John T. and Hester, J. Jeff and Holtzman, Jon A. and Ballester, Gilda E. and Casertano, Stefano and Clarke, John T. and Crisp, David and Evans, Robin W. and Gallagher, John S., III and Griffiths, Richard E. and Hoessel, John G. and Mould, Jeremy R. and Scowen, Paul A. and Watson, Alan M. and Westphal, James A. (1995) WFPC2 Imaging of the Circumstellar Nebulosity of HL Tauri. Astrophysical Journal, 449 (2). pp. 888-893. ISSN 0004-637X. doi:10.1086/176106.

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Planetary camera images of HL Tauri have been obtained through V-, R-, and I-band filters using the Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2 aboard the refurbished Hubble Space Telescope. These images show that HL Tauri is entirely reflection nebulosity at optical wavelengths, with no optical star visible to a limiting magnitude of V = 25.5. The optical nebula extends northeast of the stellar position along the direction of HL Tau's optical jet and has an unusual C-shaped morphology. The bright core of the nebula is only 1" in size and is centered only 1".2 from the actual stellar position. We estimate that visual extinction toward the unseen point source is at least 22 mag and that the stellar photospheric luminosity must be at least 3 L_☉. These findings corroborate other evidence that this star is significantly younger and more embedded than typical T Tauri stars.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription
Stapelfeldt, Karl R.0000-0002-2805-7338
Crisp, David0000-0002-4573-9998
Gallagher, John S., III0000-0001-8608-0408
Mould, Jeremy R.0000-0003-3820-1740
Additional Information:© 1995 American Astronomical Society. Provided by the NASA Astrophysics Data System. Received 1994 October 24; accepted 1995 March 7. Based on observations with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope. We wish to thank John Carr (Ohio State University) for providing us with a measurement of HL Tau's 2.3 µm continuum veiling. We also thank the referee for useful comments. This work was conducted at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, and at the Space Telescope Institute operated by AURA, under contracts with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. K. R. S. acknowledges support from the NASA Origins of Solar Systems Research Program.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Subject Keywords:circumstellar matter, stars: individual (HL Tauri), stars: pre-main-sequence
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150113-154728719
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Official Citation:WFPC2 Imaging of the Circumstellar Nebulosity of HL Tauri Stapelfeldt, K. R., Burrows, C. J., Krist, J. E., Trauger, J. T., Hester, J. J., Holtzman, J. A. Astrophysical Journal v.449, p.888-893
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:53650
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:14 Jan 2015 15:42
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 20:05

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