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Description and performance of track and primary-vertex reconstruction with the CMS tracker

Chatrchyan, S. and Apresyan, A. and Bornheim, A. and Bunn, J. and Chen, Y. and Di Marco, E. and Duarte, J. and Kcira, D. and Mott, A. and Newman, H. B. and Pena, C. and Rogan, C. and Spiropulu, M. and Timciuc, V. and Wilkinson, R. and Xie, S. and Zhu, R. Y. and Dias, F. A. and Dubinin, M. (2014) Description and performance of track and primary-vertex reconstruction with the CMS tracker. Journal of Instrumentation, 9 (10). Art. No. 10009. ISSN 1748-0221. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150115-141757260

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Abstract

A description is provided of the software algorithms developed for the CMS tracker both for reconstructing charged-particle trajectories in proton-proton interactions and for using the resulting tracks to estimate the positions of the LHC luminous region and individual primary-interaction vertices. Despite the very hostile environment at the LHC, the performance obtained with these algorithms is found to be excellent. For tt events under typical 2011 pileup conditions, the average track-reconstruction efficiency for promptly-produced charged particles with transverse momenta of p_T > 0.9GeV is 94% for pseudorapidities of |η| < 0.9 and 85% for 0.9 < |η| < 2.5. The inefficiency is caused mainly by hadrons that undergo nuclear interactions in the tracker material. For isolated muons, the corresponding efficiencies are essentially 100%. For isolated muons of p_T = 100GeV emitted at |η| < 1.4, the resolutions are approximately 2.8% in p_T, and respectively, 10μm and 30μm in the transverse and longitudinal impact parameters. The position resolution achieved for reconstructed primary vertices that correspond to interesting pp collisions is 10–12μm in each of the three spatial dimensions. The tracking and vertexing software is fast and flexible, and easily adaptable to other functions, such as fast tracking for the trigger, or dedicated tracking for electrons that takes into account bremsstrahlung.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-0221/9/10/P10009DOIArticle
http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-0221/9/10/P10009/PublisherArticle
http://arxiv.org/abs/1405.6569arXivDiscussion Paper
Additional Information:© CERN 2014 for the benefit of the CMS collaboration, published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License by IOP Publishing Ltd and Sissa Medialab srl. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article’s title, journal citation and DOI. Received May 26, 2014. Revised July 21, 2014. Accepted August 19, 2014. Published October 16, 2014. We congratulate our colleagues in the CERN accelerator departments for the excellent performance of the LHC and thank the technical and administrative staffs at CERN and at other CMS institutes for their contributions to the success of the CMS effort. In addition, we gratefully acknowledge the computing centres and personnel of the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid for delivering so effectively the computing infrastructure essential to our analyses. Finally, we acknowledge the enduring support for the construction and operation of the LHC and the CMS detector provided by the following funding agencies: the Austrian Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy and the Austrian Science Fund; the Belgian Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique, and Fonds voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek; the Brazilian Funding Agencies (CNPq, CAPES, FAPERJ, and FAPESP); the Bulgarian Ministry of Education and Science; CERN; the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ministry of Science and Technology, and National Natural Science Foundation of China; the Colombian Funding Agency (COLCIENCIAS); the Croatian Ministry of Science, Education and Sport, and the Croatian Science Foundation; the Research Promotion Foundation, Cyprus; the Ministry of Education and Research, Estonian Research Council via IUT23-4 and IUT23-6 and European Regional Development Fund, Estonia; the Academy of Finland, Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture, and Helsinki Institute of Physics; the Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules / CNRS, and Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives / CEA, France; the Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, and Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft Deutscher Forschungszentren, Germany; the General Secretariat for Research and Technology, Greece; the National Scientific Research Foundation, and National Innovation Office, Hungary; the Department of Atomic Energy and the Department of Science and Technology, India; the Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics, Iran; the Science Foundation, Ireland; the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Italy; the Korean Ministry of Education, Science and Technology and the World Class University program of NRF, Republic of Korea; the Lithuanian Academy of Sciences; the Ministry of Education, and University of Malaya (Malaysia); the Mexican Funding Agencies (CINVESTAV, CONACYT, SEP, and UASLP-FAI); the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment, New Zealand; the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission; the Ministry of Science and Higher Education and the National Science Centre, Poland; the Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, Portugal; JINR, Dubna; the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, the Federal Agency of Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation, Russian Academy of Sciences, and the Russian Foundation for Basic Research; the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of Serbia; the Secretaría de Estado de Investigaciόn, Desarrollo e Innovaciόn and Programa Consolider-Ingenio 2010, Spain; the Swiss Funding Agencies (ETH Board, ETH Zurich, PSI, SNF, UniZH, Canton Zurich, and SER); the Ministry of Science and Technology, Taipei; the Thailand Center of Excellence in Physics, the Institute for the Promotion of Teaching Science and Technology of Thailand, Special Task Force for Activating Research and the National Science and Technology Development Agency of Thailand; the Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkey, and Turkish Atomic Energy Authority; the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, and State Fund for Fundamental Researches, Ukraine; the Science and Technology Facilities Council, U.K.; the US Department of Energy, and the US National Science Foundation. Individuals have received support from the Marie-Curie programme and the European Research Council and EPLANET (European Union); the Leventis Foundation; the A. P. Sloan Foundation; the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation; the Belgian Federal Science Policy Office; the Fonds pour la Formation à la Recherche dans l’Industrie et dans l’Agriculture (FRIA-Belgium); the Agentschap voor Innovatie door Wetenschap en Technologie (IWT-Belgium); the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MEYS) of the Czech Republic; the Council of Science and Industrial Research, India; the Compagnia di San Paolo (Torino); the HOMING PLUS programme of Foundation for Polish Science, cofinanced by EU, Regional Development Fund; and the Thalis and Aristeia programmes cofinanced by EU-ESF and the Greek NSRF.
Group:CMS@Caltech
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Austrian Federal Ministry of Science, Research and EconomyUNSPECIFIED
Austrian Science FundUNSPECIFIED
Belgian Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique and Fonds voor Wetenschappelijk OrderzoekUNSPECIFIED
CNPq, CAPES, FAPERJ, and FAPESP (Brazil)UNSPECIFIED
Bulgarian Ministry of Education and ScienceUNSPECIFIED
CERNUNSPECIFIED
Chinese Academy of SciencesUNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Science and Technology UNSPECIFIED
National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaUNSPECIFIED
COLCIENCIAS (Colombia)UNSPECIFIED
Croatian Ministry of Science, Education and Sport UNSPECIFIED
Croatian Science FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Research Promotion Foundation, Cyprus UNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Education and Research, Estonian Research CouncilIUT23-4
Ministry of Education and Research, Estonian Research CouncilIUT23-6
European Regional Development Fund, EstoniaUNSPECIFIED
Academy of FinlandUNSPECIFIED
Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture, and Helsinki Institute of PhysicsUNSPECIFIED
Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules/CNRSUNSPECIFIED
Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique et aux Énergies Alternatives (CEA) France UNSPECIFIED
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (Germany)UNSPECIFIED
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)UNSPECIFIED
Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft Deutscher Forschungszentren (Germany)UNSPECIFIED
General Secretariat for Research and Technology, Greece UNSPECIFIED
National Scientific Research Foundation, and National Office for Research and Technology (Hungary) UNSPECIFIED
Department of Atomic Energy and the Department of Science and Technology, IndiaUNSPECIFIED
Institute for Studies in Theoretical Physics and Mathematics, Iran UNSPECIFIED
Science Foundation, IrelandUNSPECIFIED
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN)UNSPECIFIED
Korean Ministry of Education, Science and Technology and the World Class University Program of NRF (KOREA)UNSPECIFIED
Lithuanian Academy of Sciences UNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Education, and University of Malaya (Malaysia)UNSPECIFIED
CINVESTAV, CONACYT, SEP, and UASLP-FAI (Mexico)UNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment, New ZealandUNSPECIFIED
Pakistan Atomic Energy CommissionUNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Science and Higher Education and the National Science Centre, PolandUNSPECIFIED
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (Portugal)UNSPECIFIED
JINR (Dubna)UNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation UNSPECIFIED
Federal Agency of Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation UNSPECIFIED
Russian Academy of SciencesUNSPECIFIED
Russian Foundation for Basic ResearchUNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of SerbiaUNSPECIFIED
Secretaría de Estado de Investigaciόn, Desarrollo e Innovaciόn and Programa Consolider-Ingenio 2010, SpainUNSPECIFIED
ETH Board, ETH Zurich, PSI, SNF, UniZH, Canton Zurich, and SERUNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Science and Technology, TaipeiUNSPECIFIED
Thailand Center of Excellence in PhysicsUNSPECIFIED
Institute for the Promotion of Teaching Science and Technology of ThailandUNSPECIFIED
Special Task Force for Activating Research and the National Science and Technology Development Agency of ThailandUNSPECIFIED
Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkey and Turkish Atomic Energy AuthorityUNSPECIFIED
National Academy of Sciences of UkraineUNSPECIFIED
State Fund for Fundamental Researches, UkraineUNSPECIFIED
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)UNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
NSFUNSPECIFIED
Marie-Curie programme and the European Research Council and EPLANET (European Union)UNSPECIFIED
Leventis Foundation UNSPECIFIED
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Alexander von Humboldt FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Belgian Federal Science Policy OfficeUNSPECIFIED
Fonds pour la Formation à la Recherche dans l’índustrie et dans l’Ágriculture (FRIA-Belgium)UNSPECIFIED
Agentschap voor Innovatie door Wetenschap en Technologie (IWT-Belgium)UNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MEYS) of the Czech RepublicUNSPECIFIED
Council of Science and Industrial Research, IndiaUNSPECIFIED
Compagnia di San Paolo (Torino)UNSPECIFIED
HOMING PLUS programme of Foundation for Polish Science cofinanced from European UnionUNSPECIFIED
Regional Development FundUNSPECIFIED
Thalis and Aristeia programmes cofinanced by EU-ESFUNSPECIFIED
Greek NSRFUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Pattern recognition, cluster finding, calibration and fitting methods; Large detectorsystems performance; Performance of High Energy Physics Detectors
Classification Code:PACS: 29.40.Gx
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150115-141757260
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150115-141757260
Official Citation:Description and performance of track and primary-vertex reconstruction with the CMS tracker The CMS Collaboration 2014 JINST 9 P10009
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:53797
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:15 Jan 2015 23:40
Last Modified:15 Jan 2015 23:40

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