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The evolution of star formation activity in galaxy groups

Erfanianfar, G. and Fadda, D. (2014) The evolution of star formation activity in galaxy groups. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 445 (3). pp. 2725-2745. ISSN 0035-8711. doi:10.1093/mnras/stu1883.

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We study the evolution of the total star formation (SF) activity, total stellar mass (ΣM*) and halo occupation distribution (HOD) in massive haloes by using one of the largest X-ray selected sample of galaxy groups with secure spectroscopic identification in the major blank field surveys (ECDFS, CDFN, COSMOS, AEGIS). We provide an accurate measurement of star formation rate (SFR) for the bulk of the star-forming galaxies using very deep mid-infrared Spitzer MIPS and far-infrared Herschel PACS observations. For undetected IR sources, we provide a well-calibrated SFR from spectral energy distribution (SED) fitting. We observe a clear evolution in the level of SF activity in galaxy groups. The total SF activity in the high-redshift groups (0.5 < z < 1.1) is higher with respect to the low-redshift (0.15 < z < 0.5) sample at any mass by 0.8 ± 0.12 dex. A milder difference (0.35 ± 0.1 dex) is observed between the low-redshift bin and the groups at z ∼ 0. We show that the level of SF activity is declining more rapidly in the more massive haloes than in the more common lower mass haloes. We do not observe any evolution in the HOD and total stellar mass–halo mass relations in groups. The picture emerging from our findings suggests that the galaxy population in the most massive systems is evolving faster than galaxies in lower mass haloes, consistently with a ‘halo downsizing’ scenario.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Fadda, D.0000-0002-3698-7076
Additional Information:© 2014 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. Accepted 2014 September 9. Received 2014 September 9; in original form 2013 December 17. GE acknowledges the support from and participation in the International Max-Planck Research School on Astrophysics at the Ludwig-Maximilians University. MLB acknowledges financial support from an NSERC Discovery Grant, and from NWO and NOVA grants that supported his sabbatical at the University of Leiden, where this work was completed. PACS has been developed by a consortium of institutes led by MPE (Germany) and including UVIE (Austria); KUL, CSL, IMEC (Belgium); CEA, OAMP (France); MPIA (Germany); IFSI, OAP/AOT, OAA/CAISMI, LENS, SISSA (Italy); IAC (Spain). This development has been supported by the funding agencies BMVIT (Austria), ESA-PRODEX (Belgium), CEA/CNES (France), DLR (Germany), ASI (Italy), and CICYT/MCYT (Spain). This research has made use of NASA's Astrophysics Data System, of NED, which is operated by JPL/Caltech, under contract with NASA, and of SDSS, which has been funded by the Sloan Foundation, NSF, the US Department of Energy, NASA, the Japanese Monbukagakusho, the Max Planck Society and the Higher Education Funding Council of England. The SDSS is managed by the participating institutions ( We gratefully acknowledge the contributions of the entire COSMOS collaboration consisting of more than 100 scientists. More information about the COSMOS survey is available at This project has been supported by the DLR grant 50OR1013 to MPE.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
International Max-Planck Research School on AstrophysicsUNSPECIFIED
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)UNSPECIFIED
Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR)50OR1013
Subject Keywords:catalogues; galaxies: evolution; cosmology: observations; large-scale structure of Universe; infrared: galaxies
Issue or Number:3
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150116-095302650
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Official Citation:Erfanianfar, G., Popesso, P., Finoguenov, A., Wuyts, S., Wilman, D., Biviano, A., . . . Pozzi, F. (2014). The evolution of star formation activity in galaxy groups. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 445(3), 2725-2745. doi: 10.1093/mnras/stu1883
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:53811
Deposited On:16 Jan 2015 20:33
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 20:07

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