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Extraction of energy from gravitational waves by laser interferometer detectors

Ma, Yiqiu and Blair, David G. and Zhao, Chunnong and Kells, William (2015) Extraction of energy from gravitational waves by laser interferometer detectors. Classical and Quantum Gravity, 32 (1). Art. No. 015003. ISSN 0264-9381. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150205-135059024

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Abstract

In this paper, we discuss the energy interaction between gravitational waves and laser interferometer gravitational wave detectors. We show that the widely held view that the laser interferometer gravitational wave detector absorbs no energy from gravitational waves is only valid under the approximation of a frequency-independent optomechanical coupling strength and a pump laser without detuning with respect to the resonance of the interferometer. For a strongly detuned interferometer, the optical-damping dynamics dissipates gravitational wave energy through the interaction between the test masses and the optical field. For a non-detuned interferometer, the frequency-dependence of the optomechanical coupling strength causes a tiny energy dissipation, which is proved to be equivalent to the Doppler friction raised by Braginsky et al.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0264-9381/32/1/015003DOIArticle
http://iopscience.iop.org/0264-9381/32/1/015003/PublisherArticle
http://arxiv.org/abs/1403.3186arXivDiscussion Paper
Additional Information:© 2015 Institute of Physics. Received 25 February 2014, revised 23 September 2014. Accepted for publication 28 October 2014. Published 3 December 2014. We would like to thank our colleagues for fruitful discussions, especially Haixing Miao, Peter Saulson, Harald Lück, Farid Ya Khalili, Yanbei Chen, Huan Yang, Maxim Goryachev, Sergey P Vyachatnin and Stefan L Danilishin. This work was supported by the Australian Research Council and the Department of Education, Science and Training.
Group:LIGO
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Australian Research CouncilUNSPECIFIED
Department of Education, Science and Training (Australia)UNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:energy extraction, gravitational waves, interferometer
Classification Code:PACS numbers: 04.80.Nn, 95.55.Ym. MSC:83C35
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150205-135059024
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150205-135059024
Official Citation:Extraction of energy from gravitational waves by laser interferometer detectors Yiqiu Ma et al 2015 Class. Quantum Grav. 32 015003
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:54430
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:05 Feb 2015 22:07
Last Modified:01 Nov 2017 23:26

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