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Ca isotope fractionation on the Earth and other solar system materials

Russell, W. A. and Papanastassiou, D. A. and Tombrello, T. A. (1978) Ca isotope fractionation on the Earth and other solar system materials. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 42 (8). pp. 1075-1090. ISSN 0016-7037. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150211-131050916

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Abstract

It is demonstrated that differences in the ^(40)Ca/^(44)Ca ratio due to mass dependent isotope fractionation in nature are clearly resolvable to a level of 0.5‰. This precision is obtained (a) by using the double spike technique; (b) by using a mass-dependent law for correction of instrumental mass fractionation; and (c) by eliminating fractionation effects identified as due to differential elution of isotopes through ion exchange resins. We have determined the following uniform Ca isotopic composition after removing small natural fractionation effects: ^(40)Ca/^(44)Ca = 47.153 ± 3, ^(42)Ca/^(44)Ca = 0.31221 ± 2, ^(43)Ca/^(44)Ca = 0.06486 ± I, ^(46)Ca/^(44)Ca = 0.00152 ± I, ^(48)Ca/^(44)Ca = 0.08871 ± 2, where the errors correspond to the last figures shown. This yields an atomic weight of 40.076 ± 0.001. The data indicate the absence in the studied samples of detectable, distinct nuclear components in Ca similar to those observed for oxygen. In the samples studied, there is a distinct but small degree of Ca isotope fractionation. Overlapping ranges of fractionation of 2.5‰ for ^(40)Ca/^(44)Ca (four atomic mass units) are observed in meteorites, lunar, and terrestrial samples. Means by which isotope fractionation could arise for Ca are discussed, but the small range of effects and the lack of systematic variations do not permit at present the identification of the mechanisms responsible for the fractionation observed in the suite of samples. Ca in the biological cycle does not show fractionation effects larger than observed for non-biogenic samples. In contrast to these results, we have observed large effects of up to 13‰, for industrially purified Ca.


Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(78)90105-9DOIArticle
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0016703778901059PublisherArticle
Additional Information:© 1978 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Received 23 August 1977, Accepted in revised form 16 March 1978, Available online 25 March 2003. We thank G. J. WASSERBURG for his interest and support of this work. H. A. LOWENSTAM shared his insight and enthusiasm on biological processes and provided us with interesting samples. We benefited from discussions with H. G. THODE, L. MARGULIS, S. EPSTEIN and G. R. ROSSMAN. A. J. GANCARZ provided valuable discussions about alternate fractionation Jaws. Meteorite samples were provided by F. BEGEMANN, K. KEIL, C. B. MOORE and P. PELLAS; H. G. THODE provided us with the two gypsum samples and R. ELIAS with the squirrel tooth. W. R. KELLY, R. LETOLLE, C. E. REES and S. M. SAVIN provided helpful suggestions regarding the manuscript. This work was supported by NSF grant PHY76-83685.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFPHY76-83685
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Caltech Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences2960
Issue or Number:8
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20150211-131050916
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20150211-131050916
Official Citation:W.A. Russell, D.A. Papanastassiou, T.A. Tombrello, Ca isotope fractionation on the Earth and other solar system materials, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 42, Issue 8, August 1978, Pages 1075-1090, ISSN 0016-7037, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(78)90105-9. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0016703778901059)
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:54731
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:11 Feb 2015 21:58
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 08:00

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